Herod The Great
-ruled Palestine 37BC-4BC
Herod builds MASADA as his summer palace.
The Roman Senate had appointed Herod, an Idumean, as king of Palestine in 37BC. He dies during 4BC.
In Greek Herod means: heroic.
First Plot to kill Jesus
16 When Herod realized that he had been outwitted by the Magi, he was furious, and he gave orders to kill all the boys in Bethlehem and its vicinity who were two years old and under, in accordance with the time he had learned from the Magi.17 Then what was said through the prophet Jeremiah was fulfilled:
18 "A voice is heard in Ramah,
weeping and great mourning,
Rachel weeping for her children
and refusing to be comforted,
because they are no more."
also Matthew 26:3-4
Herod the Great was an Idumean and was made king in 37 BC and died in 4BC.
Ruled in Palestine 37BC-4BC
How do we find which Herod is which?
There is a number of men called HEROD in the Bible, starting with Herod the Great who died in spring [March, April, May] 4BC. There is also a number of rulers descending from this man to whom the Bible gives names other than Herod in their Title e.g. Herodian Dynasty.
Herod died aged 69 possibly of chronic kidney disease.
Which Herod was Jesus referring to in Mark 8:15?