Satan tempts Jesus for 40 days in the wilderness. Which was south of Jerusalem.
Satan is at war with God and if Satan could have corrupted God's Son, Jesus, he, Satan, would have won the war but again he, Satan, lost another battle.
Satan temps Jesus with three totally different temptations. The first Adam failed the temptation in Genesis 1:1-24 and the second Adam (Jesus) passed all three temptations here in Luke 1:1-13 and the temptations in Revelation.
Satan quotes scripture but not correctly and Jesus quotes the correct scripture back at Satan.
The Temptation of Jesus
4Jesus, full of the Holy Spirit, returned from the Jordan and was led by the Spirit in the desert, 2 where for forty days he was tempted by the devil. He ate nothing during those days, and at the end of them he was hungry.
3 The devil said to him, "If you are the Son of God, tell this stone to become bread."
4 Jesus answered, "It is written: ‘Man does not live on bread alone.‘"
5 The devil led him up to a high place and showed him in an instant all the kingdoms of the world. 6 And he said to him, "I will give you all their authority and splendor, for it has been given to me, and I can give it to anyone I want to. 7 So if you worship me, it will all be yours."
8 Jesus answered, "It is written: 'Worship the Lord your God and serve him only.'"
9 The devil led him to Jerusalem and had him stand on the highest point of the temple. "If you are the Son of God," he said, "throw yourself down from here. 10 For it is written:
"'He will command his angels concerning you
to guard you carefully;
11 they will lift you up in their hands,
so that you will not strike your foot against a
12 Jesus answered, "It says: 'Do not put the Lord your God to the test.'"
13 When the devil had finished all this tempting, he
left him until an opportune time.
also see Matthew 4:1—11 and Mark 1:12—13