King Saul reigned for 40 years between 1043BC-1011BC. He was from the tribe of Benjamin and the first King of Israel.
Saul prophesied after Samuel anointed him as King and before being presented to Israel as their King.
King Saul’s first physical act was to lead Israel into battle against the Ammonites a long time enemy of Israel and totally wipe them out.
Hebrew name of Saul means: asked for.
Saul Rescues the City of Jabesh-gilead from the Ammonites
11:1 So after a month, Nahash the Ammonite came up and laid siege to Jabesh-gilead. All the men of Jabesh told Nahash, “Make a covenant with us, and we will serve you.”
2 Nahash the Ammonite told them, “I’ll make a covenant with you on the condition that I gouge out the right eye of every one of you and so bring disgrace on all Israel.”
3 The elders of Jabesh told him, “Leave us alone for seven days so that we may send messengers through all the territory of Israel. Then if no one delivers us, we will come out to you and surrender.” 4 When the messengers came to Gibeah of Saul and reported the terms to the people, all the people cried loudly.
5 Just then Saul was coming in from the field behind the oxen and he said, “What’s with the people? Why are they crying?” They reported to him what the men of Jabesh had said.
6 When Saul heard these words, the Spirit of God came on him, and he was very angry. 7 He took a yoke of oxen, cut them in pieces, and sent the pieces by messengers through all the territory of Israel: “This is what will be done to the oxen of anyone who does not come out and join Saul and Samuel!” The fear of the LORD fell on the people and they came out as one man.
8 Saul mustered them at Bezek, and there were 300,000 Israelis and 30,000 men of Judah. 9 They told the messengers who had come, “You are to say this to the men of Jabesh-gilead, ‘Tomorrow, by the time the sun is hot, you will be delivered.’” The messengers went and reported to the men of Jabesh, and they rejoiced.
10 The men of Jabesh said, “Tomorrow we will come out to you and surrender. Then you can do whatever you want to us.”
11 The next day Saul separated the people into three companies. They came into the camp during the morning watch, and struck down the Ammonites until the heat of the day. Those who survived were scattered so that no two of them remained together.
12 The people told Samuel, “Who said, ‘Will Saul reign over us?’ Bring them to us and we will put them to death!”
13 But Saul said, “Let no one be put to death this day, because today the LORD has delivered Israel.”
14 Then Samuel told the people, “Come, let’s go to Gilgal and reaffirm the kingship there.” 15 So all the people went to Gilgal and there they made Saul king in the LORD’s presence in Gilgal. There they sacrificed peace offerings in the LORD’s presence, and there Saul and all the men of Israel rejoiced greatly.
1 Samuel 11:1-15
Also 1 Samuel 22:11-18 — Saul killed God’s Prophets
Saul had his Kingdom taken away because he disobeyed God, not a man of faith because of what he did.
But here because of what he did killing God’s faithful servants the Prophets of God. Hebrews 11:37 they were put to death by the sword; on Saul’s orders. 85 priests and their women and children, orders carried out by Doeg the Edomite.
Saul had no heart towards God
If you want to read to full story of the life of Saul look it up in a Bible.
Other modules in this unit:
- Samuel the fifteenth Judge of Israel anoints Saul, 1 Samuel 10:1-27
- King Saul starts his reign of about thirty-two years, 1 Samuel 10:1-8
- King Saul reigns for 40 years he was the 1st of 3 kings, 1 Samuel 11:1-15
- Samuel the fifteenth Judge of Israel anoints David as king, 1 Samuel 16:1-13
- David plays for his King, 1 Samuel 16:14-23
- David uses his slingshot, 1 Samuel 17:40-58
- The giant Goliath is killed by David, 1 Samuel 17:1-58
- King Saul tries to kill David with a spear, 1 Samuel 18:6-16
- Jonathan David’s faithful friend, 1 Samuel 20:1-42
- Soldiers of David’s army, 1 Samuel 21:1 – 30:1-31
- Abigail acted quickly, 1 Samuel 25:1-44
- 40-year reign of King Saul ends, 1 Samuel 31:1-13
- Start of 40 Year reign of King David, 2 Samuel 2:1-7
- David becomes king in God’s time, 2 Samuel 5:1-5
- David conquers Jerusalem, 2 Samuel 5:4-13
- The Ark brought to Jerusalem, 2 Samuel 6:1-23
- Bathsheba and King David, 2 Samuel 11:1-27 & 12:1-25
- Amnon and Tamar, 2nd Samuel 13:1-39
- The end of King David’s 40 year Reign, 1 Kings 2:10-12
- The start of 40-year reign of King Solomon, 1 Kings 1:28-48 & 1 Kings 2:10-46
- King Solomon’s reign established, 1 Kings 2:1-46
- A sword gets the truth, Solomon’s Wise Ruling, 1 Kings 3:16-28
- Solomon’s Temple, 1 Kings 5:1-18 & 6:1-38
- The Queen of Sheba visits King Solomon, 1 Kings 10:1-13
- The end of 40-year reign of King Solomon, 1 Kings 11:41-43
- Timeline for the Three Kings
- Background Information: Three Kings
- Resources – Three Kings – Saul, David, and Solomon
- Next Module – Kings of Judah