Jesus stayed in the tomb three days and three nights.
Then Jesus rose from the dead, as He said He would.
Passover, which included Unleavened Bread and Firstfruits, was one of three sets of festivals that God ordained for the Israelites to keep yearly. The others were Feast of Weeks or Shavuot, or Pentecost, and the set around Feast of Trumpets and Day of Atonement.
Jesus had said that, like Jonah, the Son of Man would be three days and three nights in the earth.
However you want to treat “three days and three nights”, the real issue is that Jesus died and rose again and lives on at the right hand of God to intercede for us.
3 Days and 3 Nights
28:1 After the Sabbaths [Passover Sabbath and the weekly Sabbath], around dawn on the first day of the week, Mary Magdalene and the other Mary went to take a look at the burial site.
This translation has like the Greek the word Sabbath in the plural Sabbaths. The Greek text clearly says, “After the Sabbaths were passed,” Sabbaths being plural. Why is that significant?
Was the Passover Sabbaths namely Unleavened Bread and Firstfruits and the weekly Sabbath two different days? If it was which day was the Passover Sabbath on? Maybe as we believe a Wednesday. If so you can get the needed Three days and Three nights in the Tomb for Jesus. Also, leaves us with which year? Our best try is AD32.
Jesus was in the tomb three days and three nights.
Hebrew day starts at dusk or sunset, so the Hebrew day overlap two Roman days.
Saturday [Friday sunset-Saturday sunset] was the triumphal entry: April 6th and 10 Nisan (at dusk)
Sunday [Saturday sunset-Sunday sunset] the fig tree was cursed: April 7th and 11 Nisan (at dusk)
Monday [Sunday sunset-Monday sunset] the conspirators counseled: April 8th and 12 Nisan (at dusk)
Tuesday [Monday sunset-Tuesday sunset] was the Jesus’ Last Passover: April 9th and 13 Nisan (at dusk)
Wednesday [Tuesday sunset-Wednesday sunset] was the Crucifixion: April 10th and 14 Nisan (at dusk)
Thursday [Wednesday sunset-Thursday sunset] was the Feast of Unleavened Bread: April 11th and 15 Nisan (at dusk)
Friday [Thursday sunset-Friday sunset] the women prepared the spices and so forth: April 12th and 16 Nisan (at dusk)
Saturday [Friday sunset-Saturday sunset] they all rested: April 13th and 17 Nisan (at dusk)
Sunday[Saturday sunset-Sunday sunset] morning the women went to the tomb: April 14th and still 17 Nisan (At dusk or sunset, it became 18 Nisan-[Sunday sunset-Monday sunset])
Firstfruits – 18 Nisan
Read: Matthew 28:1 Sabbath here in Greek is Sabbaths.
Also, read John 19:31 “and the next day was to be a special Sabbath.”
There are the normal weekly Sabbaths and also a small number of Special Sabbaths and “The Feast of Unleavened Bread” is one of these special Sabbaths.
The word Sabbath in Hebrew means: rest.
Passover was celebrated at the full moon.
Other modules in this unit:
- Zacchaeus, the tax collector, waited for Jesus up a tree, Luke 19:1-10
- Mary – First of two anointings by two different women, John 12:1-11
- The Triumphal Entry, Luke 19:28-44
- Palm tree leaves and cloaks, John 12:12-19
- Jesus taught in parables – The Lamps of the Ten Bridesmaids. Matthew 25:1-13
- Jesus predicts His crucifixion, Luke 22:1-6
- Jesus anointed at Bethany by an unknown woman, Mark 14:3-9
- Sandal, Jesus Washes His Disciples’ Feet, John 13:1-20
- Judas Agrees to Betray Jesus, Luke 22:1-6
- Passover, Luke 22:7-38 and Numbers 28:16-31
- The upper room discourse, Jesus comforts His Disciples, John 14:1-31
- Jesus spoke three prayers of intercession: one for Himself; one for his disciples; and one for all believers, John 17:1-26
- Jesus prays for Himself, Luke 22:39-46
- Soldiers came at night to arrest Jesus, Luke 22:47-48
- Peter cuts off an ear, Luke 22:49-51
- Jesus Arrested, Luke 22:52-53
- Jesus was on trial six times
- First trial – Annas the Father-in-law of Caiaphas the High Priest, John 18:12-14
- 2nd Trial – Jesus arrested and taken to the High Priest Caiaphas, Luke 22:54-65
- Friday?: day of Jesus’ death?
- The Cock Crow – Peter Disowned Jesus, Luke 22:54-62
- Third Trial of Jesus before The Sanhedrin, Luke 22:66-71
- 4th Trial – Jesus before Pontius Pilate for the first time – Luke 23:1-7
- 5th Trial, Jesus before Herod Antipas the Governor of Galilee and Perea, Luke 23:8-12
- 6th trial – Jesus in front of Pontius Pilate for the second time, Luke 23:13-25
- Jesus, the Crucifixion walk, Luke 23:26-46
- The Cross or the Crucifixion, Luke 23:26-49
- Darkness, Luke 23:44-46
- The Roman Centurion, Luke 23:47-49
- Jesus is Buried, Luke 23:50-56
- Roman Soldiers guard the Tomb, Matthew 27:62-66
- They made sure by sealing the tomb, Matthew 27:62-66
- Feast Unleavened Bread
- Firstfruits, Leviticus 23:9-14
- Jesus stays in the tomb three days and three nights, Matthew 28:1
- Firstfuits or Resurrection Sunday, Luke 24:1-12
- The open empty tomb or the Resurrection, Luke 24:1-8
- He is not Here, He has risen – The Resurrection, Luke 24:5-8
- Jesus Has Risen Indeed – The Resurrection, Luke 24:1-12
- Come See Where He Lay, Matthew 28:1-10
- Peter Looks – He has Risen Indeed, Luke 24:12
- On the Road to Emmaus, Luke 24:13-35
- The end of the first week
- Jesus makes a special appearance for Thomas, John 20:24-31
- The First Sunday or 7 days after the Firstfuits or Resurrection of Jesus, Numbers 28:16-31
- Jesus and the Miraculous Catch of Fish, John 21:1-25
- The end of the second week
- The Second Sunday after Firstfuits or Resurrection Sunday, John 20:24-29
- The end of the third week
- The Third Sunday after Firstfuits or Resurrection Sunday
- The end of the fourth week
- The Fourth Sunday after Firstfuits or Resurrection Sunday
- The end of the 5th week
- The Fifth Sunday or 35 days after feast of Firstfuits or the resurrection of Jesus
- Ascension Day – Back to Heaven for Jesus, Luke 24:50-53
- Jesus was seen by over 500 people, 1 Corinthians 15:1-11
- The end of the 6th week
- The Sixth Sunday or 42 days from Firstfuits or Resurrection Sunday, Numbers 28:16-31
- The end of the 7th week
- Pentecost Fire, Acts 2:1-13
- Background Information – Easter
- Resources: Easter or Palm Sunday To Pentecost
- Next Module – Acts of the Apostles » »