The Cross or the Crucifixion, Luke 23:26-49

Jesus dies on the cross. Jesus was nailed to the cross and left to die.

Jesus’ death on a cross was not a tragedy but an achievement. Can you think of the reasons why?

We get the word “crucifixion” from the Latin word “crucifigere.

The Romans used this form of capital punishment on a regular basis.

Persians invented the Crucifixion system as a form of death, but it was the Romans that perfected it as a form of torture and capital punishment that was designed to produce a slow death with maximum pain and suffering.

The literal translation in Greek of “it is finished” is “Paid in full.” See John 19:30.

Background Reading:

Jesus is Crucified – The Crucifixion

23:26 As they led Jesus away, they grabbed Simon, a man from Cyrene, as he was coming in from the country, and they put the cross on him and made him carry it behind Jesus. 27 A large crowd of people followed him, including some women who kept mourning and wailing for him.

28 But Jesus turned to them and said, “Women of Jerusalem, stop crying for me. Instead, cry for yourselves and for your children, 29 because the time is surely coming when people will say, ‘How blessed are the women who couldn’t bear children and the wombs that never bore and the breasts that never nursed!’ 30 Then people will begin to say to the mountains, ‘Fall on us!’, and to the hills, ‘Cover us up!’ 31 And if they do this when the wood is green, what will happen when it is dry?”

32 Two others, who were criminals, were also led away to be executed with Jesus. 33 When they reached the place called The Skull, they crucified him there with the criminals, one on his right and one on his left. 34 Jesus kept saying, “Father, forgive them, because they don’t know what they’re doing.” Then they divided his clothes among them by throwing dice.

35 Meanwhile, the people stood looking on. The leaders were mocking him by saying, “He saved others. Let him save himself, if he is the Messiah of God, the chosen one!”

36 The soldiers also made fun of Jesus by coming up and offering him sour wine, 37 saying, “If you are the king of the Jews, save yourself!” 38 There was also an inscription over him written in Greek, Latin, and Hebrew: “The King of the Jews.”

39 Now one of the criminals hanging there kept insulting him, “You are the Messiah, aren’t you? Save yourself…and us!”

40 But the other criminal rebuked him, “Aren’t you afraid of God, since you are suffering the same penalty? 41 We have been condemned justly, because we are getting what we deserve for what we have done, but this man has done nothing wrong.” 42 Then he went on to plead, “Jesus, remember me when you come into your kingdom!”

43 Jesus told him, “I tell you with certainty, today you will be with me in Paradise.”

Jesus Dies on the Cross

44 It was already about noon, and the whole land became dark until three in the afternoon 45 because the sun had stopped shining, and the curtain in the sanctuary was torn in two. 46 Then Jesus cried out with a loud voice and said, “Father, into your hands I entrust my spirit.” After he said this, he breathed his last.

47 When the centurion saw what had taken place, he praised God and said, “This man certainly was righteous!” 48 When all the crowds who had come together for this spectacle saw what had taken place, they beat their chests and left. 49 But all his acquaintances, including the women who had followed him from Galilee, were standing at a distance watching these things.
Luke 23:26-49
Also read: Matthew 27:32-56, Mark 15:24-33, John 19:17-30

Other modules in this unit: