This is the day on which Jesus, as the Messiah, made His triumphal entry into Jerusalem. He rode a young donkey in preparation for His crucifixion, which took place five days later.
Disciples laid palm leaves for Jesus to ride over and also waved them to declare him as King.
In the modern Christian calendar we call this day Palm Sunday, which celebrates this Triumphal Entry. It was either 6 April AD32, or 4 April AD33. In either case it was the 10th Nisan in the Jewish calendar, no matter which year in the Gregorian calendar.
Jesus fulfills another prophecy from the Old Testament of over ten prophecies that He fulfilled that week.
Jesus also for-filled over 300 specifications of His coming, death and resurrection.
The Triumphal Entry – The King Enters Jerusalem
19:28 After Jesus had said this, he traveled on and went up to Jerusalem. 29 As he approached Bethphage and Bethany at the Mount of Olives, he sent two of his disciples on ahead. 30 “Go into the village ahead of you,” he said. “As you enter, you will find a colt tied up that no one has ever ridden. Untie it and bring it along. 31 If anyone asks you why you are untying it, say this: ‘The Lord needs it.’”
32 So those who were sent went off and found it as Jesus had told them. 33 While they were untying the colt, its owners asked them, “Why are you untying the colt?”
34 The disciples answered, “The Lord needs it.” 35 Then they brought the colt to Jesus and put their coats on it, and Jesus sat upon it.
36 As he was riding along, people kept spreading their coats on the road. 37 He was now approaching the descent from the Mount of Olives. The whole crowd of disciples began to rejoice and to praise God with a loud voice because of all the miracles they had seen. 38 They said,
“How blessed is the king
who comes in the name of the Lord!
Peace in heaven,
and glory in the highest heaven!”
39 Some of the Pharisees in the crowd told Jesus, “Teacher, tell your disciples to be quiet.”
40 He replied, “I tell you, if they were quiet, the stones would cry out!”
41 When he came closer and saw the city, he began to grieve over it: 42 “If you had only known today what could have brought you peace! But now it is hidden from your sight, 43 because the days will come when your enemies will build walls around you, surround you, and close you in on every side. 44 They will level you to the ground—you and those who live within your city limits. They will not leave one stone on another within your walls, because you didn’t recognize the time when you were visited.”
Further reading:— Matthew 21:1-11, Mark 11:1-11, John 12:12-19, Psalm 118, Zechariah 9:9
Jerusalem, which hosted over a million pilgrims annually for three religious festivals, was approximately 2.6 square kilometers, or a square mile in area. The population was approximately two hundred thousand permanent inhabitants.
From AD6 onwards, Jerusalem was governed by a number of Roman procurators: Coponius AD6—AD9; Marcus Ambivulus AD9—AD12; Annius Rufus AD12—AD15; Valerius Gratus AD15—AD26; Pontius Pilate AD26—AD36; Marcus Antonius Felix AD52—AD59 and Porcius Festus AD59—AD62.
On 14 March 445BC Artaxerxes Longimanns made a decree that the Temple in Jerusalem could be rebuilt and 173,880 days later Meshiach Nagid rode in on a donkey’s colt, 6 April AD32 see Ezra 7:13—28.
We do not know either the name, or breed, of Jesus’ donkey, simply that it was the colt of an ass.
38 years later in AD70 by Titus Flavius Vespasianus, the son of the then present Roman Emperor (Titus Flavius Vespasianus) known as Vespasian, took Jerusalem after 9 months siege and killed about one million inhabitants, fulfilling prophecies in both the Old and New Testaments.
Other modules in this unit:
- Zacchaeus, the tax collector, waited for Jesus up a tree, Luke 19:1-10
- Mary – First of two anointings by two different women, John 12:1-11
- Donkey – The Triumphal Entry, Luke 19:28-44
- Palm tree leaves and cloaks, John 12:12-19
- Jesus taught in parables – The Lamps of the Ten Bridesmaids. Matthew 25:1-13
- Jesus predicts his crucifixion, Luke 22:1-6
- Jesus anointed at Bethany by an unknown woman, Mark 14:3-9
- Sandal, Jesus Washes His Disciples Feet, John 13:1-20
- Judas Agrees to Betray Jesus, Luke 22:1-6
- The upper room discourse, Jesus comforts His Disciples, John 14:1-31
- Jesus prays for Himself, Luke 22:39-46
- Jesus spoke three prayers of intercession: one for Himself; one for his disciples; and one for all believers, John 17:1-26
- Soldiers came at night to arrest Jesus, Luke 22:47-48
- Peter cuts off a ear, Luke 22:49-51
- Jesus Arrested, Luke 22:52-53
- Jesus was on trial six times
- First trial – Annas the Father-in-law of Caiaphas the High Priest, John 18:12-14
- 2nd Trial – Jesus Arrested Taken to High Priest Caiaphas, Luke 22:54-65
- Friday?: day of Jesus’ death?
- Rooster Crowed – Peter Disowned Jesus, Luke 22:54-62
- Third Trial of Jesus before The Sanhedrin, Luke 22:66-71
- 4th Trial – Jesus before Pontius Pilate for the first time – Luke 23:1-7
- 5th Trial, Jesus before Herod Antipas the Governor of Galilee and Perea, Luke 23:8-12
- 6th trial – Jesus in front of Pontius Pilate for the second Time, Luke 23:13-25
- Jesus, the Crucifixion walk, Luke 23:26-46
- The Cross or the Crucifixion, Luke 23:26-49
- Roman Soldiers guard the Tomb, Matthew 27:62-66
- They made sure by sealing the tomb, Matthew 27:62-66
- Unleavened Bread
- Firstfruits Leviticus 23:9-14
- Jesus stays in the tomb three days and three nights, Matthew 28:1
- Resurrection Sunday, Luke 24:1-12
- The open empty tomb or the Resurrection, Luke 24:1-8
- He is not Here He has risen – The Resurrection, Luke 24:5-8
- Jesus Has Risen Indeed – The Resurrection, Luke 24:1-12
- Come See Were He Lay, Matthew 28:1-10
- Peter Looks – He is Risen Indeed, Luke 24:12
- On the Road to Emmaus, Luke 24:13-35
- The end of the first week
- Jesus makes a special appearance for Thomas, John 20:24-31
- The First Sunday or 7 days after the Resurrection of Jesus, Numbers 28:16-31
- Jesus and the Miraculous Catch of Fish, John 21:1-25
- The end of the second week
- The Second Sunday after Resurrection Sunday, John 20:24-29
- The end of the third week
- The Third Sunday after Resurrection Sunday
- The end of the fourth week
- The Fourth Sunday after Resurrection Sunday
- The end of the 5th week
- The Fifth Sunday or 35 days after the resurrection of Jesus
- Ascension Day-Back to Heaven for Jesus, Luke 24:50-53
- Jesus was seen by over 500 people, 1 Corinthians 15:1-11
- The end of the 6th week
- The Sixth Sunday or 42 days from Resurrection Sunday, Numbers 28:16-31
- The end of the 7th week
- Pentecost Fire, Acts 2:1-13
- Background Information – Easter
- Resources: Easter or Palm Sunday To Pentecost
- Next Module – Acts of the Apostles