Luke 22:54-62. Jesus said Peter would deny Him three times that morning, before the Cock’s Crow.
This came to pass when Jesus was brought before Caiaphas, the High Priest, for His second predawn trial, and thus second illegal, trial.
Here in Caiaphas courtyard, Peter denied Jesus three times before the Cock’s Crow.
After the Cock’s Crow Peter realized what he had just done and wept bitterly because he was remorseful.
Other Scholars say: “the cock crow” was the Roman trumpeter’s call. To the end the 3rd night watch and start of the 4th night watch. They also say no roosters were allowed in Jerusalem.
Such as media noctis inclinatio “midnight,” gallicinium “cock-crow”
“Cock’s crow” is a technical term in Jewish law: kri’at hagever (קריאת הגבר). It is a time of day prior to dawn that marks the end of night.
Peter Disowns Jesus
22:54 Then they arrested him, led him away, and brought him to the high priest’s house. But Peter was following at a distance. 55 When they had kindled a fire in the middle of the courtyard and had taken their seats, Peter, too, sat down among them. 56 A servant girl saw him sitting by the fire, stared at him, and said, “This man was with him, too.”
Peter Denies Jesus
57 But he denied it, “I don’t know him, woman!” he responded.
58 A little later, a man looked at him and said, “You are one of them, too.”
But Peter said, “Mister, I am not!”
59 About an hour later, another man emphatically asserted, “This man was certainly with him, because he is a Galilean!”
60 But Peter said, “Mister, I don’t know what you’re talking about!” Just then, while he was still speaking, The Cock Crowed.
61 Then the Lord turned and looked straight at Peter. And Peter remembered the word from the Lord, and how he had told him, “Before a Cock Crows today, you will deny me three times.” 62 So he went outside and cried bitterly.
Also read: Matthew 26:57-75, Mark 14:53-72, John 18:15-27
Jesus Predicts Peter’s Denial
22:31 “Simon, Simon, listen! Satan has asked permission to sift all of you like wheat, 32 but I have prayed for you that your own faith may not fail. When you have come back, you must strengthen your brothers.”
33 Peter told him, “Lord, I am ready to go even to prison and to die with you!”
34 But Jesus said, “I tell you, Peter, the Cock will not Crow today until you deny three times that you know me.”
Also read: Matthew 26:31-35, Mark 14:27-31, John 13:31-38.
Other modules in this unit:
- Zacchaeus, the tax collector, waited for Jesus up a tree
- Mary – First of two anointings by two different women
- The Triumphal Entry
- Palm tree leaves and cloaks
- Jesus taught in parables – The Lamps of the Ten Bridesmaids
- Jesus predicts His crucifixion
- Jesus anointed at Bethany by an unknown woman
- Sandal, Jesus Washes His Disciples’ Feet
- Judas Agrees to Betray Jesus
- The upper room discourse, Jesus comforts His Disciples
- Jesus spoke three prayers of intercession: one for Himself; one for his disciples; and one for all believers
- Jesus prays for Himself
- Soldiers came at night to arrest Jesus
- Peter cuts off an ear
- Jesus Arrested
- Jesus was on trial six times
- First trial – Annas the Father-in-law of Caiaphas the High Priest
- 2nd Trial – Jesus arrested and taken to the High Priest Caiaphas
- Friday?: day of Jesus’ death?
- The Cock Crow – Peter Disowned Jesus
- Third Trial of Jesus before The Sanhedrin
- 4th Trial – Jesus before Pontius Pilate for the first time
- 5th Trial, Jesus before Herod Antipas the Governor of Galilee and Perea
- 6th trial – Jesus in front of Pontius Pilate for the second time
- Jesus, the Crucifixion walk
- The Cross or the Crucifixion
- The Roman Centurion
- Jesus is Buried
- Roman Soldiers guard the Tomb
- They made sure by sealing the tomb
- Feast Unleavened Bread
- Jesus stays in the tomb three days and three nights
- Firstfuits or Resurrection Sunday
- The open empty tomb or the Resurrection
- He is not Here, He has risen – The Resurrection
- Jesus Has Risen Indeed – The Resurrection
- Come See Where He Lay
- Peter Looks – He has Risen Indeed
- On the Road to Emmaus
- The end of the first week
- Jesus makes a special appearance for Thomas
- The First Sunday or 7 days after the Firstfuits or Resurrection of Jesus
- Jesus and the Miraculous Catch of Fish
- The end of the second week
- The Second Sunday after Firstfuits or Resurrection Sunday
- The end of the third week
- The Third Sunday after Firstfuits or Resurrection Sunday
- The end of the fourth week
- The Fourth Sunday after Firstfuits or Resurrection Sunday
- The end of the 5th week
- The Fifth Sunday or 35 days after feast of Firstfuits or the resurrection of Jesus
- Ascension Day – Back to Heaven for Jesus
- Jesus was seen by over 500 people
- The end of the 6th week
- The Sixth Sunday or 42 days from Firstfuits or Resurrection Sunday
- The end of the 7th week
- Pentecost Fire
- Questions and Answers 1-14
- Background Information – Easter
- Resources: Easter or Palm Sunday To Pentecost
- Next Module – Acts of the Apostles » »