Jericho the first city captured by Israel under Joshua. The battle happened about 1405BC.
Jericho in Hebrew means: City of the Palms.
Jericho – house of the moon God.
Jericho has had a long history:
It was one of the longest continual places of habitation in Israel.
Jesus left from here on his last walk to Jerusalem.
Herod the Great died there.
Ancient Jericho was not a large city.
Joshua is Visited by the LORD
5:13 Now it happened that while Joshua was near Jericho, he looked up and much to his amazement, he saw a man standing in front of him, holding a drawn sword in his hand! Joshua approached him and asked him, “Are you one of us, or are you with our enemies?”
14 “Neither,” he answered. “I have come as commander of the LORD’s Army.”
Joshua immediately fell on his face to the earth and worshipped, saying to him, “Lord, what do you have for your servant by way of command?”
15 The commander of the LORD’s Army replied to Joshua, “Remove your sandals from your feet, because the place where you’re standing is holy.” So Joshua did so.
Instructions for Joshua
6:1 Meanwhile, Jericho was fortified inside and out because of the Israelis. Nobody could leave or enter.
2 The LORD told Joshua, “Look! I have given Jericho over to your control, along with its kings and valiant soldiers. 3 March around the city, all the soldiers circling the city once. Do this for six days, 4 with seven priests carrying in front of the ark seven trumpets made from rams’ horns. On the seventh day march around the city seven times while the priests blow their trumpets. 5 When they sound a long blast with the ram’s horn, as soon as you hear the sound of the trumpet, then the entire army is to cry out loud, the city wall will collapse, and then all of the soldiers are to charge straight ahead.”
The Destruction of Jericho
6 So Nun’s son Joshua called for the priests. “Pick up the Ark of the Covenant,” he told them, “and have seven priests carry seven trumpets made from rams’ horns in front of the ark of the LORD.”
7 He told the army, “Go out and encircle the city. Have the armed men march out in front of the ark of the LORD.”
8 And so, just as Joshua had commanded, seven of the priests went forward, carrying the seven trumpets made of rams’ horns in the LORD’s presence, blowing the trumpets while the Ark of the Covenant of the LORD followed them. 9 Armed men preceded the priests who were blowing the trumpets, and a rear guard followed the ark, while the trumpets continued to blow.
10 Joshua issued orders to the army: “You are not to shout or even let your voice be heard. Don’t utter a word until I tell you to shout. Then shout!” 11 So the ark of the LORD was taken once around the city, then they went back to camp and spent the night there.
12 Joshua got up early the next morning, and the priests picked up the ark of the LORD. 13 The seven priests who carried the seven trumpets made from rams’ horns preceded the ark of the LORD, blowing their trumpets constantly. The armed men preceded them, and the rear guard followed the ark of the LORD, while the trumpets continued to blow. 14 On the second day they marched around the city once and then went back to camp. They did this for six days. 15 They rose early at dawn on the seventh day and marched around the city seven times, just as they had before, except that on that day only they marched around the city seven times.
16 As they completed the seventh time, after the priests had blown the trumpets, Joshua told the army, “Shout, because the LORD has given you the city! 17 The city—along with everything in it—is to be turned over to the LORD for destruction. Only Rahab the prostitute and everyone who is with her in her house may live, because she hid the scouts we sent. 18 Now as for you, everything has been turned over for destruction. Don’t covet or take any of these things. Otherwise, you’ll make the camp of Israel itself an object worthy of destruction, and bring trouble on it. 19 But everything made of silver and gold, and vessels made of bronze and iron are set apart to the LORD. They are to go into the treasury of the LORD.”
20 So the army shouted and the trumpets were blown again. As soon as the army heard the sound of the trumpets, they shouted loudly and the wall collapsed. The army charged straight ahead into the city and captured it. 21 They turned over everyone in the city for destruction and executed them, including both men and women, young and old, and oxen, sheep, and donkeys.
22 Joshua told the two men who had scouted the land, “Go into the prostitute’s home and bring her out of it, along with everyone who is with her, just as you promised her.” 23 So the young men who had been scouts went in and brought Rahab out, along with her father, her mother, her brothers, and everyone else who was with her. They brought her entire family out and set them outside the camp of Israel. 24 Then the army set fire to the city and to everything in it, except that they reserved the silver, gold, and vessels of bronze and iron for the treasury of the LORD. 25 But Joshua spared Rahab the prostitute, along with her family and everyone who was with her. Her family has lived in Israel ever since, because she hid the scouts whom Joshua sent to observe Jericho.
Joshua Curses the Rebuilding of Jericho
26 Then Joshua made everyone take the following oath at that time. He said:
“Cursed in the presence of the LORD is the man
who restores and rebuilds this city of Jericho!
He will lay its foundation at the cost of his firstborn,
and at the cost of his youngest he will set up its gates.”
27 So the LORD was with Joshua, and as a result, Joshua’s reputation spread throughout the land.
Other modules in this unit:
- Joshua God’s warrior and the fall of Jericho, Joshua 5:13-15 & 6:1-27
- Caleb Moses’ Man, Numbers 14:26-35
- The two scouts or spies were Joshua’s eyes, Joshua 2:1-24 and 6:22-25
- Rahab helped Israel to take Jericho, Joshua 2:1-24
- Crossing the Jordan River, Joshua 3:17
- The fall of Jericho, Joshua 5:13-15 & 6:16-27
- Rahab saved from death, Joshua 6:22-25
- Ai burns, Joshua 8:1-29
- Othniel the first Judge of Israel, Judges 3:7-11
- Ehud the second Judge of Israel, Judges 3:12-30
- Shamgar the third Judge of Israel, Judges 3:31
- Deborah the 4th Judge of Israel, Judges 4:1-24 & 5:1-31
- Barak the commander of the army under Deborah the fourth Judge of Israel, Judges 4-5
- Barak and Deborah, Judges 4:8-10
- Jael the wife of Heber took a tent peg, Judges 4:21
- Gideon the fifth Judge of Israel, Judges 6:1 – 8:35
- Gideon the fifth Judge of Israel with God’s help gets 300 men, Judges 7:5-8
- Abimelech the sixth Judge of Israel, Judges 9:1-57
- The curse of Jotham, Judges 9:8-15
- Tola the seventh 7th Judge of Israel, Judges 10:1-2
- Naomi and Ruth, Ruth 1:1-9
- Jair the eight Judge of Israel, Judges 10:3-5
- Ruth, the great-grandmother of King David, Ruth 1:16-2:23
- Ruth and Boaz at the Threshing Floor, Ruth 3:1-18 and 4:13-22
- Sandal of the Kinsman Redeemer, Ruth 4:1-12
- Eli the high priest and 9th Judge of Israel, 1 Samuel 1:1-8 – 4:22
- Birth of Samuel, 1 Samuel 1:1-28 & 2:1-11
- Jephthah the Gileadite the 10th Judge of Israel, Judges 11:1-15
- The only daughter of Jephthah the Gileadite the 10th Judge of Israel, Judges 11:34-40
- Ibzan the 11th Judge or Ruler of Israel, Judges 12:8-10
- Elon the 12th Judge of Israel, Judges 12:11-12
- Abdon the 13th Judge of Israel, Judges 12:13-15
- Samson the 14th Judge of Israel, Judges 13:1-25
- Delilah and Samson, Judges 16:4-20
- Delilah New Ropes, Samson the 14th Judge of Israel, Judges 16:11-12
- Delilah seeks Samson the 14th Judge of Israel, Judges 16:18
- Samson sleeps Samson the 14th Judge of Israel, Judges 16:19
- Death of Samson the 14th Judge of Israel, Judges 16:21-31
- Pillage – Levite and his Concubine, Judges 19:25-27
- Daughters of Shiloh, Judges 21:20-21
- Samuel the fifteenth Judge of Israel anoints two kings, 1 Samuel 10:9-27 and 2 Samuel
- Joel the16th Judge of Israel, 1 Samuel 8:1-22
- Abijah the 17th Judge of Israel, 1 Samuel 8:1-22
- Samuel the 15th Judge of Israel and also a Prophet, 1 Samuel 16:1-13
- 17 Judges or Leaders of Israel »
- Timeline of the Judges
- Background Information – Judges of Israel
- Resources – Judges of Israel
- Next Module – Three Kings – Saul, David & Solomon »