Study the times of the 19 Kings of Israel by clicking on these Images. These 19 kings of Israel ruled the northern part of Israel before they were taken into slavery in 723/22BC because they disobeyed God.

King Jeroboam the 1st King of Israel, 1 Kings 11:26-14:20 and 2nd Chronicles 9:29-13:22

At King Solomon's death, the kingdom was divided into two. The Northern kingdom was called the house of Israel and the Southern kingdom was called the house Judah. King Jeroboam was the first king of Israel's ten northern tribes. Jeroboam reigned for 21 years 931BC-910BC. Jeroboam in Hebrew means: Enlarger. Died by being stricken by God. Many people not faithful to the Lord God moved to the northern Kingdom and many people faithful to the Lord God from the different tribes in the northern kingdom moved to the southern kingdom.   Read more »

King Nadab the 2nd King of Israel, 1st Kings 15:25-28

King Nadab was the second King of Israel. Ruled 910/09BC-909/08BC=2 years. The son of King Jeroboam. Death was by being murdered by Baasha while they were at war with the Philistines. Baasha after having killed Nadab became the next king of Israel. Nadab in Hebrew means: liberal, generous.
Background Reading: 15:25 Jeroboam’s son Nadab became king over Israel during the second year of the reign of King Asa over Judah. He reigned over Israel for two years, 26 practicing what the LORD considered to be evil, living the way his father did, committing sins,   Read more »

King Baasha the 3rd King of Israel, 1 Kings 15:27-16:7

Baasha of the tribe of Issachar ruled for 24 years. He sinned against the Lord and led Israel into sin. Because of his sins the Lord God said through the prophet Jehu "I will do away with you and your family." Baasha had killed off the previous king to become king of the northern kingdom of Israel. King Baasha had a continuing war with the southern kingdom. Baasha in Hebrew means: Baal hears.
Background Reading: 27 So Ahijah’s son Baasha from the household of Issachar conspired against him and killed Nadab at Gibbethon   Read more »

King Elah the 4th King of Israel, 1 Kings 16:8-14

King Elah, an Edomite chief, ruled only for two years. He sinned against the Lord and led Israel into sin. Elah was killed by one of his officers, Zimri, who became the next king of Israel. The prophecy came to pass that the prophet Jehu had said that Baasha and all his house would die and no one would be left. Elah name means: An oak.
Background Reading: 8 During the twenty-sixth year of the reign of King Asa of Judah, Baasha’s son Elah became king over Israel   Read more »

King Zimri the 5th King of Israel, 1 Kings 16: 9-20

Zimri ruled for seven days then committed suicide by fire. He sinned against the Lord. Zimri murdered the previous king who was his master. The name Zimri became a byword for a traitor who murdered his master. King Zimri helped to come to pass the word of the Lord as given by Jehu son of Hanani against Baasha. Zimri in Hebrew means: praiseworthy.
Background Reading: 16:1 Zimri reigned for seven days at Tirzah during the twenty-seventh year of the reign of King Asa of Judah.   Read more »

King Omri the 6th King of Israel, 1 Kings 16:15-28

Omri ruled for 12 years. First six years he ruled in Tirzah then moved to a hill he called Samaria. He sinned against the Lord and led Israel into sin. His son Ahab succeed him at his death. King Omri, a strong and decisive ruler, and the founder of Samaria, Israel's capital for about 150 years. Lacking God's help King Omri, allowed Syria to encroach on Israel's land. Omri in Hebrew means: The Lord is my life.
Background Reading: 16:21 The army of Israel was divided into two parties: half of the army were loyal to Ginath’s son Tibni   Read more »

King Ahab the 7th King of Israel, 1 Kings 16:29-22:40

7th King of Israel 874BC-853BC his son King Ahaziah succeeded him as 8th King of Israel. Married Jezebel, daughter of Ethbaal King of the Zidonians. King Ahab died from battle wounds Ahab in Hebrew means: father's brother (=uncle).
Background Reading: 29 Omri’s son Ahab became king over Israel in the thirty-eighth year of King Asa of Judah. He reigned over Israel in Samaria for 22 years. 30 Omri’s son Ahab practiced more of what the LORD considered to be evil than anyone who had lived before him.   Read more »

King Ahaziah the 8th King of Israel, 1 Kings 22:51-53, 2 Kings 1:1-18

Ahaziah was made King and ruled over Israel for two years form his capital in Samaria. Ahaziah had no son so Joram succeeded him as 9th king of Israel. King Ahaziah did evil in God's eyes because he worshiped Baal-Zabub the god of Ekron just as his father had done. King Ahaziah had injured himself very badly and wondered if he would die. This was when God intervened and sent Elijah with a message from God to Ahaziah king of Samaria that he would die. His death came to pass as predicted by Elijah the prophet of God.   Read more »

King Jehoram the 9th King of Israel, 2nd Kings 3:1-9:25 & 2nd Chronicles 22:5-7

King Jehoram ruled for twelve years and was murdered by Jehu an army officer. He sinned against the Lord and led Israel into sin. Jehoram was the son of Ahab and Jezebel. King Jehoram fought against the people of Moab and won. Jehoram or Joram in Hebrew means: Jehovah is exalted.
Background Reading: 3:1 Ahab’s son Jehoram ascended to the throne of Israel at Samaria during the eighteenth year of the reign of Judah’s king Jehoshaphat. He reigned for twelve years, 2 practicing evil in the LORD’s presence, only not to the extent that his mother and father   Read more »

King Jehu the 10th King of Israel, 2 Kings 9:1-10:36 and 2nd Chronicles 22:7-12

Jehu ruled for 28 years. He killed the people God wanted to be killed and this included the Baal worshipers. He later sinned against the Lord and led Israel into sin. When he died, he was buried in Samaria, and his son Jehoahaz became the new king. During the reign of King Jehu God started to reduce the size of the northern Kingdom of Israel. Jehu in Hebrew means: Jehovah is He.
Background Reading: 1 Elisha called one of the members of the Guild of Prophets and told him, “Get ready to run,   Read more »

King Jehoahaz the 11th King of Israel, 2 Kings 13:1:9

King Jehoahaz ruled Israel 17 years. He sinned against the Lord and led Israel into sin. Because of the sins of King Jehoahaz God allowed King Hazael of Syria to defeat Israel time after time. He reigned for 17 years 814BC-798BC in Samaria northern Israel. When Jehoahaz died, his son Joash became king. Jehoahaz in Hebrew means: God has held firmly.
Background Reading: 13:1 During the twenty-third year of the reign of Ahaziah’s son Joash, king of Judah,   Read more »

King Jehoash the 12th King of Israel, 2 Kings 13:10-14:16

King Jehoash (798-783) ruled Israel for sixteen years. He sinned against the Lord and led Israel into sin. Before dying the prophet Elisha said to King Jehoash that he will defeat Ben-hadad son of King Hazel of Syria three times. Must have been a rough time because Moabite raiders used to enter the country every spring. He held the prophet Elisha in honor and wept by his bedside while he was dying.
Background Reading: 10 During the thirty-seventh year of the reign of king Joash of Judah, Jehoahaz’s son Jehoash began a sixteen year   Read more »

King Jeroboam 2nd the 13th King of Israel, 2nd Kings 14:23-29

King Jeroboam II ruled for 40 years. He sinned against the Lord and led Israel into sin. Although he sinned against God. God used him to restore land that Jonah the prophet had spoken about. King Jeroboam II was succeeded by his son Zechariah as king. He fought and conquered Damascus and Hamath and expanded Israel's boundaries. Israel was very prosperous during this time. Jeroboam's reign was also the period of the prophets Hosea, Joel, Jonah, and Amos. Jeroboam in Hebrew means: he pleads the people's cause.   Read more »

King Zechariah the 14th King of Israel, 2 Kings 14:29-15:12

King Zechariah ruled in Samaria for six months. He sinned against the Lord and led Israel into sin. He was killed in front of the people by Shallum who became the next king. So the word of the LORD spoken to King Jehu was fulfilled: "Your descendants will sit on the throne of Israel to the fourth generation." The death of King Zechariah ended the dynasty of Jehu after four generations, fulfilling the prophecy by God in 2 Kings 10:30. Zechariah in Hebrew means: remembered by the Lord.   Read more »

King Shallum the 15th King of Israel, 2 Kings 15:10-15

King Shallum ruled in Samaria for one month. He sinned against the Lord and led Israel into sin. He was murdered by Menahem who became the next king. Remember Shallum had murdered the previous king. God was not happy with the way the northern Kingdom of Israel was operating and was letting them create a mess so the people and the kings would end up in captivity. Shallum in Hebrew means: retribution.
Background Reading: 15:10 So Jabesh’s son Shallum conspired against him and attacked him in full view of the people, killed him,   Read more »

King Menahem the 16th King of Israel, 2 Kings 15:14-22

King Menahem, the son of Gadi, ruled in Samaria for ten years. He sinned against the Lord and led Israel into sin. King Menahem gave money to Pul the Emperor of Assyria to help King Menahem rule Israel and also make Pul the Emperor of Assyria go back to his own country. King Menahem was very cruel even to his own people. Menahem rested with his fathers. And Pekahiah his son succeeded him as king. Menahem in Hebrew means: comforter.   Read more »

King Pekahiah the 17th King of Israel, 2 Kings 15:22-26

King Pekahiah ruled in Samaria for two years. He sinned against the Lord and led Israel into sin. Pekah an army officer with fifty men of Gilead assassinated King Pekahiah and succeeded him as king. Pekahiah was the son of the previous King, King Menahem. Remember that Jesus was to come from the line of Judah so what happened in the northern Kingdom of Israel could not affect this. Pekahiah in Hebrew means: YHWH has opened the eyes.   Read more »

King Pekah the 18th King of Israel, 2 Kings 15:27-31 and 2nd Chronicles 28:5-8

King Pekah, the son of Remaliah, ruled in Samaria for twenty years. He sinned against the Lord and led Israel into sin. Hoshea assassinated Pekah and succeed him as king. Pul the emperor of Assyria captured the northern towns of Israel. King Pekah aligned himself with King Rezin of Damascus. Pekah in Hebrew means: open-eyed.
Background Reading: 15:27 Remaliah’s son Pekah began a 20-year reign as Israel’s king during the fifty-second year of King Azariah   Read more »

King Hoshea the 19th and last King of Israel, 2 Kings 17:1-6

King Hoshea ruled for nine years. He sinned against the Lord God. He then was taken to Assyria by Emperor Shalmaneser or his successor Emperor Sargon II. Shalmaneser V, the king of Assyria, then campaigned against king Hoshea and Samaria the northern kingdom of Israel. Forcing Hoshea the king of Samaria to submit and pay lots of money to the king of Assyria. The king of Assyria also took about 27,290 captives. King Hoshea was also relying on help from Egypt which never came. He never asked the Lord God for help which he should have done.   Read more »

The 19 Kings of Israel who ruled between – 931BC-722BC

1. Jeroboam I (evil) 931/30-910/09=22 years unknown Stricken by God 1 Kings 11:26-14:20 2 Chronicles 9:29-13:22
2. Nadab (evil) 910/09-909/08,=2 years Son Murdered by Baasha 1 Kings 15:25-28
3. Baasha (evil) 909/08-886/85,=24 years unknown Died 1 Kings 15:27-16:7 2 Chronicles 16:1-4
4. Elah (evil) 886/85-885/84,=2 years Son Murdered by Zimri 1 Kings 16:6-14   Read more »



Now we can move on to the lives and times of the prophets of Israel and kings of Israel.