You can start to study the times of the Prophets and Kings by clicking on these pictures. This period of 500 years has been a torrid time. Along with some of the main players of Israel, there have been 39 kings who include King Ahab, King Rehoboam, King Hoshea, King Zedekiah and a large number of prophets who include Jeremiah, Malachi, Zechariah.

King Rehoboam the first King of Judah, 1 Kings 14:21-31

At the death of King Solomon, the kingdom was divided into two. The Southern kingdom was called the house Judah and the northern kingdom was called the house of Israel. After King Solomon died his son Rehoboam became king. Judah and Benjamin stayed with this king in Jerusalem. Rehoboam reigned for 18 years 931BC- 913BC Rehoboam in Hebrew means: Free of the people. King Solomon's kingdom was divided into two. The southern tribes of Judah and Benjamin stayed loyal to King Rehoboam.   Read more » Also see: List of the Kings of Judah and also: time line - 900BC-700BC

King Jeroboam the first King of Israel, 1 kings 11:26-30

At King Solomon's death, the kingdom was divided into two. The Northern kingdom was called the house of Israel and the Southern kingdom was called the house Judah. King Jeroboam was the first king of Israel's ten northern tribes. Jeroboam reigned for 21 years 931BC-910BC. Jeroboam in Hebrew means: Enlarger. Died by being stricken by God. Many people not faithful to the Lord God moved to the northern Kingdom and many people faithful to the Lord God from the different tribes in the northern kingdom moved to the southern kingdom.   Read more » - also read List of the Kings of Israel

King Asa the 3rd and a Good King of Judah, 1 Kings 15:9-24

King Asa ruled for 41 years - 911BC-870BC. King Asa did what pleased God. He removed the foreign places of worship and destroyed them. Even though King Asa had an army over five hundred thousand fighting men when Zerah the Cushite came to fight King Asa. King Asa called to the Lord his God and God struck down the Cushites before Asa and Judah. In his old age, he was crippled by a foot disease. King Asa was the son of the previous king, King Abijam. King Asa died of natural causes and buried in the royal tombs in Jerusalem and his son Jehoshaphat succeeded him   Read more »

King Nadab the 2nd King of Israel, 1 Kings 15:25-28

King Nadab was the second King of Israel. Ruled 910/09BC-909/08BC=2 years. The son of King Jeroboam. Death was by being murdered by Baasha while they were at war with the Philistines. Baasha after having killed Nadab became the next king of Israel. Nadab in Hebrew means: liberal, generous.
Background Reading: 15:25 Jeroboam’s son Nadab became king over Israel during the second year of the reign of King Asa over Judah. He reigned over Israel for two years, 26 practicing what the LORD considered to be evil, living the way his father did,   Read more »

King Ahab becomes the 7th King of Israel, 1 Kings 16:29-22:40

7th King of Israel 874BC-853BC his son King Ahaziah succeeded him as 8th King of Israel. Married Jezebel, daughter of Ethbaal the King of the Zidonians. King Ahab died from battle wounds. Ahab in Hebrew means: father's brother (=uncle).
Background Reading: 16:29 Omri’s son Ahab became king over Israel in the thirty-eighth year of King Asa of Judah. He reigned over Israel in Samaria for 22 years. 30 Omri’s son Ahab practiced more of what the LORD considered to be evil than anyone who had lived before him.   Read more »

The Widow of Zarephath received back her dead son back, 1 Kings 17:8-24

The Widow of Zarephath lived in Zarephath, a town of Phoenicia in the region of Sidon. Why Elijah was sent to this particular widow, and not to someone else, we will never know. Elijah may have had to walk for over a week to get from the brook Cherith to meet the widow of Zarephath. This event happened in the reign of King Ahab. Elijah the prophet's public ministry as a prophet spanned 8 years = 860BC-852BC.
Background Reading: 17:8 Then this message came to him from the LORD: 9 “Get up, move to Zarephath in Sidon, and stay there   Read more »

Elijah the prophet on Mount Carmel, 1 Kings 18:1-46

The day God burnt Elijah the prophet's sacrifice. Elijah the prophet's public ministry as a prophet spanned 8 years = 860BC-852BC. Elijah here was challenging King Ahab who was leading Israel away from God. God and Elijah the prophet and the prophets of Baal had a showdown on Mount Carmel. Read the scripture below to find out who won the contest.
Background Reading: 18:1 Quite some time later—three years later!—this message from the LORD came to Elijah:   Read more »

Queen Jezebel an evil queen, 1 Kings 21:1-29

Queen Jezebel a daughter of King Ethbaal, the king of the Zidonians, and the wife of King Ahab and mother of Ahaziah and Joram (Jehoram) later to be Kings of Israel. Queen Jezebel a Phoenician princess was the daughter of King Ethbaal of Tyre. The marriage was for political alliance proposes. Later on, she died by being thrown out a window by her own servants. Jezebel meet a prophesied horrible death. Queen Jezebel used her power as queen to get Naboth killed so her husband the king could get Naboth's family land for his personal vegetable garden.   Read more »

Naboth’s family vineyard and King Ahab, 1 Kings 21:1-29

Naboth the Jezreelite 856BC. One day King Ahab of Samaria asked Naboth for his land and when Naboth said, "no because it was a family plot." Under Jewish law, the land was allowed to stay in the family line as long as they could pay the taxes. King Ahab told Queen Jezebel and she intervened and had Naboth killed. This is how the King got possession of the land. God did not let this go unnoticed. Elijah was asked by God to find King Ahab and pass on God's message of displeasure. Queen Jezebel and King Ahab actions against God brought God's displeasure   Read more »

Naboth’s family Vineyard, 1 Kings 21:1-29

Naboth the Jezreelite was killed by stoning for his vineyard to be used as a private vegetable patch by King Ahab of Samaria. Queen Jezebel the wife of King Ahab planned and had the murder of Naboth carried out. Under Jewish Law, the land had the right to stay in family ownership. Even the king of Israel was subject to God's Laws as King Ahab was to find out the hard way.
Background Reading: 21:1 Meanwhile, there was a man named Naboth from Jezreel who owned a vineyard that was located   Read more »

Micaiah a man of God, prophesies against King Ahab, 1 Kings 22:1-28

Micaiah son of Imlah a prophet of God in the time of King Ahab 7th King of Israel. Micaiah foretold the fall of King Ahab at the battle of Ramoth Gilead. Micaiah served God publicly about 848BC. There are over six other men called Micaiah in the Old Testament. Micaiah whose name in Hebrew means: Who is like Jah.
Background Reading: 22:1 Three years passed without war between Aram and Israel. 2 During that third year, King Jehoshaphat of Judah   Read more »

Elisha the prophet who took over from Elijah, 2 Kings 2:1-14

Elisha 852BC-796BC=56 years the prophet who took over from Elijah 860BC-852BC=8 years. Elijah calls Elisha to be his attendant in 1st Kings 19:19-21 in the reign of King Ahab 7th King of Israel. Elisha dies in 2 Kings 13:20 in the reign of King Jehoash 12th King of Israel 798BC-782BC. Elisha in Hebrew means: God is savior.
Background Reading: 2:1 As the time drew near when the LORD was about to take Elijah to heaven in a wind storm,   Read more »

Elisha’s second of 32 Miracles-Healing of the water, 2 Kings 2:19-22

Elisha the Son of Shaphat from Abel-meholah held the office of a prophet for fifty-five years. His second miracle was healing of the water of Jericho Elisha in Hebrew means: God is savior. Elisha's illness 2 Kings 13:14. Elisha's death 2 Kings 13:20.
Background Reading: 2:19 The men who lived in the city addressed Elisha. “Look now,” they said, “our city’s location is good, as you have been observing, but the water springs here are bad and the land isn’t sustaining crops.”  Read more »

The miracle of the Widow’s oil, 2 Kings 4:1-7

Elisha met a widow of a prophet. She had debts and the creditor was coming to take her sons as slaves. God had an interesting way of the prophet Elisha to meet the woman and her sons' needs. Elisha had her get many jars and fill them with oil from her one small jar. For the rest of the story read Background Reading below.
Background Reading: 4:1 Now there happened to be a certain woman who had been the wife of a member of the Guild of Prophets.   Read more »

The Shunammite woman had her Son restored back to life, 2 Kings 4:8-37

In the days of Elisha, he went to Shunem a city of Issachar and met a very rich woman This woman asked Elisha to stay for a meal. Then she gets her husband to build a room for Elisha to stay any time he wanted. Elisha asks the woman what could he do for her as the prophet of God. and for the rest of the story read Background Reading below.
Background Reading: 4:8 Some time later, Elisha went to Shunem, where he met a prominent and wealthy woman who persuaded him   Read more »

Naaman the man healed of Leprosy by Elisha the man of God, 2nd Kings 5:1-27

Now Naaman was commander of the army of the king of Aram. He was a great man in the sight of his master and highly regarded because through him the LORD had given victory to Aram. He was a valiant soldier, but he had leprosy. The story happened because of a young Jewish slave girl who spoke up and was believed. The King of Israel is told by Elisha the prophet of God to send Naaman to me. The name Naaman means: pleasantness.
Background Reading: 5:1 Naaman, the commander of the army of the king of Aram, was a great man in the opinion of his master.   Read more »

Obadiah the prophet of God, Obadiah 1:1-9

848BC-841BC Obadiah 2 kings 8:16-24 and 2 Chronicles 21:1-20. Obadiah comes after Naaman 2 Kings 5:1-27 and comes before Jonah 782BC-753BC. Obadiah wrote about the time of 2 Kings 8:16-24 and 2 Chronicles 21:1-20 Wrote the book of Obadiah Obadiah in Hebrew means: servant of Jah. There are thirteen men named Obadiah in the Bible.
Background Reading: 1:1 Obadiah’s vision: This is what the Lord GOD has to say about Edom. We have heard a report from the LORD,   Read more »

King Amaziah the 9th and a Good King of Judah, 2 Kings 14:1-20 & 2 Chronicles 25:1-28

King Amaziah was Good in God's sight reigned for 29 years 796BC-767BC. He was the son of the previous King Joash. King Jeroboam II of Israel was the contemporary King in Israel and Shalmaneser IV King of Assyria was around towards the end of King Amaziah's reign. While he followed God's ways things went well but then he started to do his own thing. Why he was murdered by court members read the reason in the Background Reading below.
Background Reading: 14:1 Amaziah, son of Judah’s king Joash, became king during the second year of the reign of Joash,   Read more »

Jonah a Prophet of God and the Whale, Jonah 1:1-17 – 4:11

Jonah, the prophet of the most high God, - 782BC-753BC The prophet who traveled in a whale or large fish to Nineveh. God wanted Jonah to give a message to Nineveh in the land of Assyria, an enemy of Israel, to repent and turn to God. The city of Nineveh is now called Mosul in northern Iraq with a Jewish quarter, synagogues, study halls and a cemetery.
Background Reading: 1:1 Now this message from the LORD came to Amittai’s son Jonah: 2 “Get up and go to Nineveh, that great city!   Read more »

King Hoshea the last King of Israel was taken to Assyria, 2 Kings 17:1-6

Shalmaneser King of Assyria takes The House of Israel or the Northern Kingdom of Israel to Assyria. King Hoshea 732BC-723BC the 19th King was the last King of Israel. He did evil in the eyes of the LORD and a traitor to Shalmaneser King of Assyria. God had told Israel to turn from their wicked ways through the prophets and seers.
Background Reading: 17:1 During the twelfth year of the reign of King Ahaz of Judah, Elah’s son Hoshea became king over Israel   Read more »

Israel Exiled As Slaves because of sin, 2 Kings 17:7-23

Israel as the Northern Kingdom or tribes had been taken because of their sin in 722BC. The people of Israel were disobedient to God and sinned. God had said through the prophets if they sinned and did not obey Him that they would go into slavery for a set period of time. Shalmaneser king of Assyria removed these Israelis from their homeland to Assyria as slaves. Later King Nebuchadnezzar of Babylon would take the Southern kingdom of Israel, called the House of Judah, captive to Babylon starting in 605BC.   Read more »

Isaiah the Prophet (739BC-680BC) wrote the book Isaiah, 2 Kings 18:1-20:21

Isaiah the Prophet (739BC-680BC) wrote the book Isaiah and also mentioned in a number of other books. Isaiah prophesied in Judah during the reigns of Kings Uzziah, Jotham, Ahaz and Hezekiah. He was murdered by King Hezekiah's son King Manasseh. Isaiah in Hebrew means: Yahweh is savior.
Background Reading: 1:1 This is the vision that Amoz’s son Isaiah had about Judah and Jerusalem during the reigns of Uzziah,   Read more »

Micah the Prophet, Micah 1:1-7

Micah is called one of the twelve minor writing prophets. Because this book is a lot smaller than the prophets whose books contain more text and are known as the major prophets. Micah prophesied around 735BC-700BC which was around the same time as Isaiah 739BC-680BC. The often quoted verse in the Gospels were Jesus was to be found by the Magi. As given to Herod the Great by the Sanhedrin is found In Micah 5:2.
Background Reading: 1:1 This message from the LORD came to Micah of Moresheth during the reigns of the Judean kings   Read more »

King Hezekiah was the 13th King of Judah, 2 Kings 18:1-20:21 & 2 Chronicles 29:1-32:33

King Hezekiah was the 13th King of Judah. A good king in God's eyes. 716/15BC-687/86BC = 29 years. Hezekiah in Hebrew means: Jah is strength. King Hezekiah's prophet was Isaiah son of Amoz who guided the king to what God wanted the king to do.
Background Reading: 18:1 Now it happened that during the third year of the reign of Elah’s son Hoshea, king of Israel, that Ahaz’ son Hezekiah became king. 2 He was 25 years old when he became king, and he reigned in Jerusalem for 29 years. His mother was Zechariah’s daughter Abi.   Read more »

King Hezekiah – sun went back, 2 Kings 20:1-11

King Hezekiah got ill and Isaiah had said he would get better. The King asked for proof. Isaiah said King Hezekiah do you want the shadow of the sun to go forward ten steps or back ten steps. King Hezekiah replied to the prophet Isaiah for the shadow go back the ten steps it had gone down on the stairway of Ahaz. The other thing Isaiah said God would add fifteen years to King Hezekiah's life. Then Isaiah the prophet then asked for poultice of figs to be applied it to the boil. For King Hezekiah had walked before the Lord God faithfully and with wholehearted devotion.   Read more »

Jeremiah the prophet of God, Jeremiah 1:1-19

Jeremiah, 627BC-580BC, was a prophet of God and wrote two books or scrolls - Jeremiah and Lamentations. Jeremiah in Hebrew means: Jah is high. Son of Hilkiah the prophet from Anathoth in the days of Josiah 16th king of Judah to after the Deportation to Babylon. Jeremiah as a Priest or a Cohen was a direct descendant of Aaron.
Background Reading: 1:1 The words of Hilkiah’s son Jeremiah, who was one of the priests at Anathoth in the territory of Benjamin.   Read more »

Jeremiah visited the potter’s house, Jeremiah 18:1-17 & 19:15

God asked Jeremiah to visit a local potter. God said," I will give you a message the people of Judah and those living in Jerusalem." Jeremiah found the potter at work making clay pots. Later God said to Jeremiah, "Go and buy a clay jar from a potter." Read the Background Reading below for that message God gave to Jeremiah for Judah and Jerusalem.
Background Reading: 18:1 The message that came to Jeremiah from the LORD: 2 “Arise and go down to the potter’s house,   Read more »

Uriah the Prophet, Jeremiah 26:20-23

Urijah the Prophet the son of Shemaiah, whom King Jehoiakim of Judah sent for from Egypt and then had him murdered. Uriah prophesied the same things against Jerusalem and this land as Jeremiah did which got him into trouble with King Jehoiakim. Uriah in Hebrew means: Jah is light. Six men in the Bible have the name Urijah.
Background Reading: 20 There was also a man named Uriah, Shemaiah’s son from Kiriath-jearim, who prophesied in the LORD’s name.   Read more »

Jeremiah used a scribe called Baruch, Jeremiah 36:1-32

Jeremiah used a scribe to write for him. One scribe he used was called Baruch. The burning of the scroll happened in winter of the fifth year in the ninth month of Judah's 18th king, King Jehoiakim 609-598BC. So the burning of the scroll was either 604BC or 603BC.
Background Reading: 36:1 In the fourth year of the reign of Josiah’s son King Jehoiakim of Judah, this message came to Jeremiah from the LORD: 2 “Take a scroll and write on it all the words that I’ve spoken to you about Israel, about Judah, and about all the nations,   Read more »

The book of Daniel, 1:1-21

Just read the Book of Daniel, it covers over 70 years of Daniel's life and find out why he had faith. Daniel's life covers 605BC-536BC Daniel in Hebrew means: God is judge. Taken to Babylon in the third year of King Jehoiakim as a young man. Daniel appears was of Royal or Noble descent. Daniel was taken to a far country and served God faithfully for the rest of his life never being allowed to return to Israel.
Background Reading: 1:1 In the third year of the reign of King Jehoiakim of Judah [606BC], King Nebuchadnezzar of Babylon came   Read more »

King Nebuchadnezzar’s Dream, Daniel 2:1-49

Daniel (also called Belteshazzar) is called in to interpret the dream that King Nebuchadnezzar of Babylon had. King Nebuchadnezzar wanted this particular interpreted by his royal advisers without been given the dream. Daniel after seeking God got the correct interpretation the dream that King Nebuchadnezzar of Babylon wanted to be interpreted. Read the Background Reading below to see what is to come on the earth in the future.
Background Reading: 2:1 During the second year of Nebuchadnezzar’s reign, Nebuchadnezzar had dreams that troubled him.   Read more »

The Scroll – one of Ezekiel’s messages, Ezekiel 2:1-10 & 3:1-21

The Scroll that Ezekiel had to eat and then tell his people what was on it. Ezekiel in Hebrew means: My strengthener is God. He prophesied from the fifth year of exile for King Jehoiachin, king of Judah about 593BC. The early biblical scriptures were written on a scroll and only transposed into books about AD1000 e.g. Luke 4:17 Ezekiel was from the tribe of Levi born about 623BC into a priestly family who lived around Jerusalem and the temple. Ezekiel's messages where between 593BC-571BC. Temple was destroyed in 586BC.   Read more »

The Valley of Dry Bones, Ezekiel 37:1-14

Ezekiel's vision from God about a valley of dry bones that came alive. God told Ezekiel it was where his people that he loved were at. This is where these famous words you hear in some songs come from: "Dry bones, hear the word of the LORD." Read Background Reading to find out what happens to the dry bones.
Background Reading: 37:1 The LORD laid his hand on me and brought me out by the Spirit of the LORD to the middle of a valley   Read more »

Jeremiah the Prophet of God is put down a well, Jeremiah 38:1-40:6

Jeremiah the Prophet of God was put down a well as a prisoner. This event happened during the reign of King Zedekiah, 20th and last king of Judah 597BC-586BC. During the time Jeremiah was in prison he regularly spoke to King Zedekiah. Using a well as a temporary prison was a good idea as the prisoner down the well could not climb up its sides. Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon allowed Jeremiah the prophet live where he wanted. So Jeremiah went to Gedaliah son of Ahikam at Mizpah and stayed with him among the people who were left behind in the land.   Read more »

Zedekiah the 20th King of Judah, 2 Chronicles 36:11-21, 2 Kings 24:17-25:30 and Jeremiah 52:1-34

King Zedekiah of Judah - 20th and last king of Judah. King Nebuchadnezzar of Babylon appointed Zedekiah as King of Judah and later deposed King Zedekiah to Babylon because he did not do what King Nebuchadnezzar had asked him to do. King Zedekiah 20th and last king of Judah and was evil in God's eyes. Reigned for 11 years = 597BC -586BC. King Nebuchadnezzar the king of Babylonia made King Jehoiachin's uncle Mattaniah King of Judah and at the same time changed the name of Mattaniah to Zedekiah. King Jehoiachin had been the 19th king of Judah.   Read more »

Jerusalem goes into captivity, 2 Kings 25:1-25

King Nebuchadnezzar of Babylon came again and finally destroyed Jerusalem and the Temple in 586BC. He took slaves including Daniel to Babylon. Slaves were taken in three groups, Daniel was in the first of these groups. Remember King Nebuchadnezzar had taken the city 19 years earlier in 605BC. Yet some of the Jews that were left behind rebelled against King Nebuchadnezzar of Babylon and fled to Egypt.
Background Reading: 25:1 so on the tenth day of the tenth month of the ninth year of Zedekiah’s reign, King Nebuchadnezzar   Read more »

Judah goes into Slavery to Babylon, 2 Chronicles 36:11-21

King Zedekiah of Judah and some of the people of Judah were taken captive as slaves to Babylon in 586BC. Many of the very poor were left behind to till or work the ground as farmers. The slaves were taken into exile at three different times by King Nebuchadnezzar of Babylon. Years were 605BC, 595BC and 586BC. This time Jerusalem was totally destroyed and it was Nebuchadnezzar’s Third Capture of Jerusalem. As God had told them they were away for seventy years as the land made up for the lost yearly Sabbaths rests.   Read more »

Golden Image made by King Nebuchadnezzar of Babylon, Daniel 3:1-12

King Nebuchadnezzar of Babylon made a golden Image 27 meters or 90 feet tall. All his subjects had to bow before it. When you hear the music you must fall down and worship the image of gold that King Nebuchadnezzar has set up. But some of God's people did not obey the King because the wanted to obey the Lord God who had said do not bow down and worship idols made by man. Read the Background Reading to find out what happens. After you have read Background Reading click on "next" at the bottom right of the page to get the next part of the story.   Read more »

Fiery test in the Fiery Furnace, Daniel 3:13-30

Three friends of Daniel captured about the same time as Daniel in 605BC. They were Shadrach, Meshach, and Abednego. Later in their lives came a test would they obey God or the King Nebuchadnezzar of Babylon. Read the Bible reading below to find out what happened to them. What happened to get King Nebuchadnezzar of Babylon so excited? What did King Nebuchadnezzar command to happen?
Background Reading: 3:13 Nebuchadnezzar flew into a rage and furiously ordered that Shadrach, Meshach, and Abednego   Read more »

Daniel in the Lions Den, Daniel 6:1-28

Daniel, 605BC-536BC, as a young Jewish boy was captured by King Nebuchadnezzar of Babylon. Over a period of his lifetime of 70 years or more, served at least three different Kings. Because of his faith in God and Daniel's exceptional qualities. King Darius planned to set him over his whole kingdom. He was liked by all except those who wanted his position of service. Hence the time Daniel ended in the lion's den.
Background Reading: 6:1 It pleased Darius to appoint 120 regional authorities over the kingdom throughout the realm,   Read more »

The prophet Zechariah 520BC-488?BC, Zechariah 1:1-13

Zechariah son of Berekiah, the son of Iddo, prophesied 520BC-488?BC and was of the tribe of Levi. The book of Zechariah is an interesting prophetical book with only fourteen chapters. Starting with:- The Call to Obedience and ending with The Coming of the Messiah and His Kingdom. Zechariah son of Berekiah, son of Iddo who prophesied about 520BC wrote this book we do not know how he died. Unlike the prophet Zechariah in Hebrews who was killed about 795BC-796BC. Over 25 men with the name Zechariah are mentioned in the Bible.   Read more »

Temple rebuilt by Zerubbabel, Haggai 1:1-15 & 2:1-23

Zerubbabel leads the first group of exiles back to Jerusalem in 536BC. Grandson of King Jehoiakim 18th King of Judah. Temple rebuild was started 536BC, then there was a break of fourteen years. The temple rebuild project restarted again in 520BC and finished 516BC. Walls around Jerusalem were not restored until Nehemiah arrived in 445BC. Zerubbabel in Hebrew means: Shoot of Babylon. Zerubbabel also was also known as Sheshbazzar. Two of the prophets around at this time was Haggai and Zechariah.   Read more »

Esther becomes the Queen of Persia, Esther 1:1-9

The beautiful Jewish girl from the tribe of Benjamin that saved her people, the people of Israel. Esther became the wife of King Ahasuerus of Persia, also known as Xerxes or Achashverosh, the son of Darius I Hystaspes about the year 478BC. Esther is the Persian name for Hadassah who was the daughter of Abihail, who was Mordecai's uncle.(Mordecai had adopted his younger cousin Hadassah.) Hadassah in Hebrew means: Myrtle and her Persian name Esther means: The planet Venus. To day the event is celebrated by the feast of Purim.   Read more »

Nehemiah rebuilds the walls, Nehemiah 2:1-10

Nehemiah a man of prayer and Cupbearer to the King Artaxerxes (Artch'shashta). Nehemiah later became Governor of Jerusalem. And rebuilt the walls of Jerusalem in 52 days. Nehemiah in Hebrew means: Jah is comfort. The book of Nehemiah named after Nehemiah is the memoir of building the walls of Jerusalem and of setting up the Jewish community in Jerusalem. Artaxerxes Sends Nehemiah to Jerusalem [Artaxerxes 1 464BC-423BC]
Background Reading: 2:1 It came about in the twentieth [444BC] year of Artaxerxes, during the month of Nissan,   Read more »

Ezra, Nehemiah 8:2-18 or Ezra 1:1-13:30

Ezra a famous priest and scribe a descendant from Hilkiah the high priest. Ezra returned from captivity to Jerusalem in 458BC. Ezra in Hebrew means: Help. He wrote the books, Ezra and Nehemiah. The emphasis in the book of Ezra is the rebuilding of the Temple.
Background Reading: 8:1All the people gathered as a united body into the plaza in front of the Water Gate. They asked Ezra the scribe to bring out the Book of the Law of Moses, which the LORD had commanded for Israel. 2 So on the first day of the seventh month,   Read more »

Malachi a prophet of God, Malachi 1:1-4:6

Malachi - 435?BC-412?BC. Malachi a Jewish prophet of God wrote about: peoples hearts of stone. Malachi's main concern was the people of Israel had forgotten God and were failing to do what God required. One of the three prophets after the exile. The other two were Haggai and Zechariah. Post-exile which is after the return of the Jews from Babylon. Malachi in Hebrew means: Messenger of Jah. Malachi also writes about the coming of the Messiah.
Background Reading: 1:1 A declaration: a message from the LORD to Israel by Malachi   Read more »

400 Years, The gap between Malachi and Jesus

The 400-year time gap between Malachi the last book of the Old Testament and New Testament with Matthew the first of the gospels. This period was from about 420BC to about 7BC. God was fulfilling prophecy and counting down to the time for Jesus to arrive on this earth. This 400-year gap God hardly spoke to his people. Until Just before Jesus was born. The Greek translation of the Hebrew Bible started about 284 B.C It was called the Septuagint which means 70.   Read more » A number of other major things happened see 400 year gap between Malachi and Jesus.

Hasmonean Dynasty, This family stayed faithful to God

The celebrated Jewish Hasmonean family 170-37BC that defended the Jewish rights and customs. This Jewish Hasmonean family and other Jewish families stayed faithful to God during the time called the 400 years between the old and New Testaments. Old Testament Bible reference: this happened in the silent 400 years period. Purified the temple in 164BC that had been built by Zerubbabel, from which we get the feast of Hanukkah or the Festival of Lights or the Feast of Dedication. The Jewish festival of Hanukkah celebrates the re-dedication of the Temple following   Read more »

A Roman Soldier representing the Roman Empire

Two brothers from the Hasmonean dynasty in 63BC, Hyrcanus and Aristobulus, vied for the throne in Jerusalem because neither could win they invited Rome to intervene which they did and the Roman overloads did not leave until the Empire fell some 500 years later. The Romans were seen as a foreign occupying force by many of the local Jews. The headquarters of the Roman army was at Caesarea with a seaport called Sebastos. In 63 BC the Roman general Pompey captured Jerusalem after being invited to come by both Hyrcanus and Aristobulus.   Read more »

Herod the Great built a temple for the Jews

Herod the Great pulled down the Temple that Zerubbabel had built and put up a grander one. Herod started to build his temple in 20BC by tearing down the Temple that Zerubbabel had built in 516BC. It took 46 years to rebuild. It was finished about AD25 see John 2:22. So it was basically a new building at the start of Jesus' ministry and was in the process of being built when he was presented as a baby and as a twelve-year-old boy. Jesus in His ministry was always talking about a Temple but He was meaning His own body.   Read more »

Angel Gabriel God’s Messenger, Luke 1:26-38

The Angel Gabriel told Mary that she was going to have a baby, and to call him Jesus. Elizabeth, her cousin, was six months pregnant at the time. Mary, in answering the angel, calls herself a bond slave to the Most High God. “I am the Lord’s servant.” The word servant, in Greek, means a bond slave. In Hebrew, Gabriel means God is mighty. God has used angels to announce to mankind things He is going to do. For example, Abraham, Daniel, and John in the book of Revelation. Luke chapters 1:1-2:52 & 3:21-38 Matthew chapters 1:1-24 and 2:1-23   Read more »

The cross a Roman method of killing people, Luke 22:1-24:12

Jesus died on a Roman death machine to bring us life. The main purpose of Jesus' life was for Him to die on the cross, and then to be raised to life from the dead. This resurrection enables us to access God, His Father. In Genesis 3:14-15 God said to Satan he was going to lose and His son Jesus was going to win the war between Satan and God over mankind. Jesus said, “I am the way and the truth and the life.” The cross is the ultimate in love from God. Jesus God's only Son died on a Roman death machine to bring us life and right relationship with God His father.   Read more »

Jesus – The author and giver of all faith

The only perfect man who ever walked on this earth. His public ministry was but three and a half short years. God had planned (promised) something better for us so that only through Jesus we can come to the father. Together with Jesus would we be made perfect.
Background Reading:
Old Testament Bible references: - Genesis 1:1-, Isaiah etc. New Testament Bible references: - Mark, Luke, John, Revelation etc.   Read more »

The 20 Kings of Judah who ruled between – 931BC-586BC

1. Rehoboam (evil) 931/30-913, 7 years Son Died 1 Kings 11:42-14:31 2 Chronicles 9:31-12:16.
2. Abijah (evil) 913- 911/10, 3 years Son Died 1 Kings 14:31-15 2 Chronicles 13:1-22.
3. Asa (Good) 911/10-870/69, 41 years Son Died 1 Kings 15:9-24 2 Chronicles 15:16-16:6.
4. Jehoshaphat (Good) 873/72-848, 25 years Son Died 1 Kings 22:41-50 2 Chronicles 20:31-21:1.   Read more »

The 19 Kings of Israel who ruled between – 931BC-722BC

1. Jeroboam I (evil) 931/30-910/09=22 years unknown Stricken by God 1 Kings 11:26-14:20 2 Chronicles 9:29-13:22
2. Nadab (evil) 910/09-909/08,=2 years Son Murdered by Baasha 1 Kings 15:25-28
3. Baasha (evil) 909/08-886/85,=24 years unknown Died 1 Kings 15:27-16:7 2 Chronicles 16:1-4
4. Elah (evil) 886/85-885/84,=2 years Son Murdered by Zimri 1 Kings 16:6-14   Read more »

Time Line for Divided Kingdom

Time Line for the Divided Kingdom 900bc-700bc and 700bc-400bc
Time Line for Divided Kingdom 900bc-700bc and 700bc-400bc
Time Line for Divided Kingdom 900bc-700bc and 700bc-400bc
Time Line for the Divided Kingdom 900bc-700bc and 700bc-400bc   Read more »

Background Information – Prophets and Kings

Background Notes And Study Material for: The Divided Kingdoms and The Prophets to ask for and receive some of the material that was used in preparing THE DIVIDED KINGDOMS AND THE PROPHETS.
Background Notes And Study Material for: The Divided Kingdoms and The Prophets to ask for and receive some of the material that was used in preparing THE DIVIDED KINGDOMS AND THE PROPHETS.   Read more »

Resources – Prophets and Kings

BOOKS: Chronological Aspects of the Life of Christ - Harold W. Hoehner - Zondervan 1977 Bibliotheca Sacra Volume 130 and 131, Doctoral Dissertation 1964 Revived 1972 Dallas Seminary. He has written other books. A Harmony of the Gospels and Analytical outline of the Harmony A T Robertson 1922 renewed 1950 Harper & Row Publishers. Synopsis of the Four Gospels Kurt Aland - United Bible Societies ISBN3-43805405-1 6th Ed 1983. The Sequence of Events of the Old Testament - Shlma Eliezer Pub MOD Israel.   Read more »

Next Module – 400 years

Next Module - 400 years gap
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Now we can study the 400 years between the Old and New testaments or go and study the Birth of Jesus.