A Roman Solider representing the Roman Empire

Two brothers from the Hasmonean dynasty in 63BC, Hyrcanus and Aristobulus, vied for the throne in Jerusalem because neither could win they invited Rome to intervene which they did and the Roman over loads did not leave until the Empire fell some 500 years later.

The Romans were seen as a foreign occupying force by many of the local Jews.

The head quarters for Roman army was at Caesarea with a sea port called Sebastos.

In 63 BC the Roman general Pompey captured Jerusalem after being invited to come by both Hyrcanus and Aristobulus.

The Jews had to pay taxes to Rome that is why they hated the tax collectors like Matthew.

By law a Roman soldier could force anybody to carry his equipment 1 mile. – Matthew 5:41

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