OUTLINE HISTORY OF THE APOSTLES

OUTLINE HISTORY OF THE APOSTLES

1. THE ORIGINAL TWELVE APPOINTED BY JESUS MATTHEW 10:2-4; MARK 3:16-19; LUKE 6:13-16

(A)
THE INNER CIRCLE

So called because they were accorded special privileges Matthew 17:1, 26:37, Mark 5:37

 

NAME Surname Parents Home Business Writings Characteristics Bible History and Traditional Legends Concerning symbol xxx
SIMON Peter Cephas Son of John Bethsaida
and 
Capernaum
Fisherman  1 Peter

2 Peter

Evangelistic and missionary work among the Jews, going as far as Babylon 1 Peter 5:13. Traditionalists as far as Rome, where he was crucified, head downwards(?)
JAMES 
( The Elder)
Boanerges or 
Sons of Thunder
Zebedee
and
Salome
Bethsaida
and 
Capernaum
and
Jerusalem
Fisherman Preached in Jerusalem and Judea. Beheaded by Herod Antipas AD44, Acts 12:1-2
JOHN (The Beloved Disciple) Zebedee
and
Salome
Bethsaida
and 
Capernaum
and
Jerusalem
Fisherman Gospel
1 John
2 John
3John
Revelation
Labored among the Churches of Asia Minor, according to Tradition, especially at Ephesus. Banished to Patmos, after freed, and died a natural death about AD98.
(B)
THE QUIET WORKERS

ANDREW 
(Brother of Peter)
Son of John Bethsaida
and 
Capernaum
Fisherman Originally a disciple of John the Baptist. Tradition preached in Scythia, Greece and Asia Minor. Crucified on a St Andrews Cross. 
PHILIP    

Bethsaida

           
BARTHOLOMEW Nathanael Tolimal Cana of Galilee
THOMAS Didymus

Galilee

MATTHEW Levi Alphaeus Capernaum Tax Collector Gospel Tradition says he died a martyr in Ethiopia?
(C)
 THE LITTLE KNOWN
JAMES Alphaeus
 or Cleophas and Mary
Galilee Epistle of James (?) According to tradition  he was a missionary in Armenia and was flayed to death?. Jerome says he wrote a gospel. shell
JUDE Thaddaeus Lebbaeus Alphaeus
 or Cleophas and Mary
Galilee Epistle of Jude (?) Tradition says he preached in Assyria and Persia and died a martyr in Persia
SIMON The Canaanite or Zelotes Galilee       Tradition says he was crucified    
(D)
THE TRAITOR

JUDAS

Iscariot Simon Kerioth of Judea       He betrayed Jesus for thirty pieces of silver a price of a slave. He hanged himself Mt 20:14-16; 27:3-5    
2. PERSONS ADDED TO THE APOSTLE BAND AFTER THE ASCENSION OF JESUS
(E)
SPECIAL
APPOINT-
MENTS

 

MATTHIAS
Acts 1:23-26
There is no record of his life after his selection as a Apostle to succeed Judas Iscariot. Tradition says that he preached and suffered martyrdom in Ethiopia.
PAUL 
(Saul)
Name changed to Paul 
Acts 13:9
Tarsus Tentmaker Thirteen or fourteen Epistles He was the Apostle to the Gentiles. Died in Rome about 68AD and may have been 58.  
Did three missionary Journeys.
Note:- The word a Apostle is sometimes applied in the New Testament, to prominent Christian workers, of special gifts, and abundant labors. Barnabas a companion of Paul, is a notable instance. He was sent forth by the Holy Spirit to engage in Missionary work Acts 13:1-3, Acts 14:4-14. Tradition says that Andronicus and Junia, who were called Apostles Romans 16:7 belonged to the order of the Seventy sent forth by Jesus.

A Pictorial explanation of the Bible