Herodian Dynasty

The Herodian Dynasty reigned for over 130 years.

Herods’ in Scripture:

Starting with Herod Antipater father of Herod the Great ( Governor of Judea) who died in 43BC.

Herod the Great (King of Judea ) 37BC-4BC.

  Herod the Great was an Idumean and was made king of Palestine by the Romans in 37 BC and died in 4BC. He died aged 69 possibly of chronic kidney disease.

Herod the Great’s Four Sons:
1. Philip Tetrarch of Iturea and Trachonitis ( Outside Israel) 4BC-AD34. Matthew 14; Luke 3:1.

  Married Salome granddaughter of Herod Antipater,
His mother was Mariamne , daughter of Simon the high Priest.

2. Archelaus (Judea & Samaria) 4BC-AD6.

  Matthew 2:22
Replaced by Roman prefects or procurators (e.g. Pilate AD26-AD36, Felix AD52-AD59 and Festus AD59-AD62)

3. Antipas (Galilee & Perea) “that fox.”

  Matthew 2:3; 14:1; Mark 6:14-29: Mark 8:15; Luke 3:1; 3:19; 13:31; 23:6 and Acts 4:27
His mother was Malthace (the Samaritan)

4. Aristoboulus. His mother was Malthace (the Samaritan).

  His son Herod Agrippa 1 & grandson Herod Agrippa 11 – Herod Agrippa 11’s daughter Drusilla married Felix see Acts 24:24

Herod Agrippa 1 reigned for seven years as a client king AD37 – AD44, see Acts 10 – Acts 12:23 death by worms. Born 10BC.

Herod Agrippa 11 reigned for seven years as a client king AD49 – AD92 (Acts 14; 25:13) He died in Rome AD100.

Rulers intermarried with other rulers.

Herod was the name used by several kings belonging to the Herodian Dynasty of Roman Iudaea Province:
The Herodian Dynasty reigned for over 130 years.
*Starting with Herod Antipater father of Herod the Great ( Governor of Judea) who died in 43BC.

* Herod the Great (37BC-4BC), king of Judea who reconstructed the Second Temple in Jerusalem and was described in the Gospel of Matthew as ordering the “Massacre of the Innocents.”

* Herod Archelaus (23BC-AD18), ethnarch of Samaria, Judea, and Idumea.

* Herod Antipas (20BC-AD40), tetrarch of Galilee and Peraea, who was described in the New Testament as ordering John the Baptist’s death and as mocking Jesus.

* Herod Agrippa I (10BC-AD44), king of Judea, called “Herod” in the Acts of the Apostles.

* Herod Philip I, father of Salome.

* Herod Philip II (4 BC-AD 34), tetrarch of Ituraea and Trachonitis.

* Herod of Chalcis, also known as Herod III, king of Chalcis (AD 41-48).

* Herod Agrippa II (AD27-AD100), tetrarch of Chalcis who was described in Acts of the Apostles as “King Agrippa” before whom Paul of Tarsus defended himself.


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