You can start to study the times of the Prophets and Kings by clicking on these pictures. This period of 500 years has been a torrid time. Along with some of the main players of Israel, there have been 39 kings who include King Ahab, King Rehoboam, King Hoshea, King Zedekiah and a large number of prophets who include Jeremiah, Malachi, Zechariah.

King Rehoboam the first King of Judah

1 Kings 14:21-31. Following the death of King Solomon, his kingdom was divided into two. The southern kingdom was called the House of Judah, and in 931BC, King Solomon's son Rehoboam became their king, reigning for 18 years. Rehoboam in Hebrew means: Free of the people. The tribes of Judah, Benjamin and Simeon formed the southern kingdom and many of the Levites and others from other tribes who were faithful to God moved to this southern kingdom from the rebelling northern kingdom.   Read more » List of the Kings of Judah and also: time line - 900BC-700BC

King Jeroboam the first King of the House of Israel

1 Kings 11:26-30. After King Solomon’s death, his kingdom was divided into two. King Jeroboam was the first king of Israel’s ten northern tribes - the House of Israel. His cultic and warring leadership marked him with infamy as “Jeroboam the son of Nebat who made Israel to sin”(e.g., 2 Kings 3:3) and drew the anger of the Lord God. Many people not faithful to the Lord God moved to the northern kingdom and many people faithful to the Lord God from the different tribes in the northern kingdom moved to the southern kingdom.   Read more » - also read List of the Kings of Israel

King Asa the 3rd and a Good King of Judah

King Asa ruled for 41 years – 911BC-870BC. King Asa was the son of the previous king, King Abijam. King Asa did what pleased God. He removed the pagan places of worship and destroyed them. King Asa had an army of over five hundred thousand fighting men. However, when Zerah the Cushite came to fight King Asa, King Asa called to the Lord his God and God struck down the Cushites before Asa and Judah. In his old age, he was crippled by a foot disease. King Asa died of natural causes and was buried in the royal tombs in Jerusalem. Background Reading: 1 Kings 15:9-24.   Read more »

King Nadab the 2nd King of Israel

1 Kings 15:25-28. King Nadab, the son of King Jeroboam, was the 2nd King of Israel and ruled Israel for 2 years from 910BC. He was murdered by Baasha while they were at war with the Philistines. Baasha, the son of Ahijah, then became the 3rd King of Israel. Nadab in Hebrew means: liberal, generous. Background Reading: 15:25 Jeroboam’s son Nadab became king over Israel during the second year of the reign of King Asa over Judah. He reigned over Israel for two years, 26 practicing what the LORD considered to be evil, living the way his father did,   Read more »

King Ahab becomes the 7th King of Israel

1 Kings 16:29-22:40. King Ahab, the son of Omri, was the 7th King of Israel and reigned from 874BC-853BC. He married Jezebel, daughter of Ethbaal 1 (or Ithbaal 1) the King of the Zidonians (Tyre). After King Ahab died from battle wounds. his son Ahaziah succeeded him as the 8th King of Israel. Ahab in Hebrew means: father’s brother (=uncle). Background Reading: 16:29 Omri’s son Ahab became king over Israel in the thirty-eighth year of King Asa of Judah. He reigned over Israel in Samaria for 22 years.   Read more »

The Widow of Zarephath received back her dead son

During the reign of King Ahab and a time of extreme drought, God sent Elijah to Zarephath, a town in Phoenicia in the area of Sidon to meet a poor widow. Elijah may have had to walk for over a week to get from the brook Cherith to meet her. Why Elijah was sent to this person, and not to someone else, we will never know. The widow agreed to Elijah’s request and, from the little supply she had, provided food for him. The widow’s food supply was supernaturally extended to meet their needs. Because of her obedience, she was rewarded by the rejuvenation of her son. Background Reading: 1 Kings 17:8-24.   Read more »

Elijah the prophet on Mount Carmel

The day God burnt Elijah the prophet’s sacrifice! After Israel had gone more than three years without rain as a judgment for their idolatry, the prophet Elijah confronted the evil king Ahab and challenged him to a spiritual showdown. An altar was built and Elijah told Ahab and the Baal prophets to summon Baal to set the offering on fire. Following a ‘no-show’ by Baal, Elijah prayed and a frightening fire broke out. Read the scripture below to find out who won the contest. Elijah the prophet’s public ministry as a prophet spanned 8 years = 860BC-852BC. Background Reading: 1 Kings 18:1-46.   Read more »

Queen Jezebel an evil queen

Queen Jezebel, a Phoenician princess, was the daughter of King Ethbaal of Tyre and the wife of King Ahab. She was also mother of Ahaziah and Joram (Jehoram) later to be Kings of Israel. Her marriage to King Ahab was for political alliance purposes. For example, Queen Jezebel used her power as Queen to get Naboth killed so King Ahab could get Naboth’s family land for his personal vegetable garden. Jezebel's death was prophesied and was horrible! Her servants threw her out a window. Jezebel in Hebrew means: without cohabitation. Background Reading: 1 Kings 21:1-29.   Read more »

Naboth’s family Vineyard and King Ahab

Naboth the Jezreelite 856BC. One day King Ahab of Samaria asked Naboth for his land and Naboth refused, because it was a family plot. Under Jewish law, the land was allowed to stay in the family line as long as they could pay the taxes. King Ahab told Queen Jezebel and she intervened and had Naboth the Jezreelite was killed by stoning. This is how the King got possession of the land. To allow his vineyard to be used as a private vegetable patch by King Ahab of Samaria. God did not let this go unnoticed and asked Elijah to find King Ahab and pass on God’s message of displeasure. Background Reading: 1 Kings 21:1-29.   Read more »

Micaiah a man of God, prophesies against King Ahab

1 Kings 22:1-28. Micaiah son of Imlah a prophet of God in the time of King Ahab 7th King of Israel. Micaiah foretold the fall of King Ahab at the battle of Ramoth Gilead. Micaiah served God publicly about 848BC. There are over six other men called Micaiah in the Old Testament. Micaiah's name in Hebrew means: Who is like Jah. Background Reading: 22:1 Three years passed without war between Aram and Israel. 2 During that third year, King Jehoshaphat of Judah   Read more »

Elisha the prophet who took over from Elijah

2 Kings 2:1-14. Elijah served as a prophet of God for 8 years from 860BC-852BC. During that time, while King Ahab was reigning as King of Israel, Elijah called Elisha to be his attendant – see 1st Kings 19:19-21. Elijah’s work for God ended when God took him to heaven. Elisha then became God’s prophet and served God for 56 years from 852BC-796BC. Elisha died during the reign of King Jehoash, the 12th King of Israel 798BC-782BC – see 2 Kings 13:20. Elisha in Hebrew means: God is savior.   Read more »

Elisha’s second of 32 Miracles – Healing of the water

2 Kings 2:19-22. Elisha the Son of Shaphat from Abel-meholah held the office of a prophet for fifty-five years. His second miracle was healing of the water of Jericho. Elisha in Hebrew means: God is savior. Elisha's illness 2 Kings 13:14. Elisha's death 2 Kings 13:20. Background Reading: 2:19 The men who lived in the city addressed Elisha. “Look now,” they said, “our city’s location is good, as you have been observing, but the water springs here are bad and the land isn’t sustaining crops.”  Read more »

The miracle of the Widow’s oil

2 Kings 4:1-7. Elisha met a widow of a prophet. She had debts and the creditor was coming to take her sons as slaves. God had Elisha meet the woman and her sons' needs in an interesting way. Elisha had her get many jars and fill them with oil from her one small jar. For the rest of the story read Background Reading below. Background Reading: 4:1 Now there happened to be a certain woman who had been the wife of a member of the Guild of Prophets.   Read more »

The Shunammite woman had her son restored back to life

In the days of Elisha, he went to Shunem, a city of Issachar, and met a very rich woman. This woman asked Elisha to stay for a meal. Then she got her husband to build a room for Elisha to stay any time he wanted. Elisha asked the woman what he could do for her as the prophet of God. Which includes of her giving birth to a son and later Elisha restoring that son to her alive after he had died. Background Reading: 2 Kings 4:8-37.   Read more »

Naaman the man healed of Leprosy by Elisha the man of God

Now Naaman was commander of the army of the king of Aram. He was a great man in the sight of his master and highly regarded because through him the LORD had given victory to Aram. He was a valiant soldier, but he had leprosy. The story happened because of a young Jewish slave girl who spoke up and was believed. Elisha told the king of Israel to send Naaman to him. The name Naaman means: pleasantness. Background Reading: 2 Kings 5:1-27.   Read more »

Obadiah the prophet of God

Obadiah 1:1-9. Lived 848BC-841BC - see 2 Kings 8:16-24 and 2 Chronicles 21:1-20. Obadiah lived after Naaman 2 Kings 5:1-27 and before Jonah 782BC-753BC. His writings in the book of Obadiah cover the times of 2 Kings 8:16-24 and 2 Chronicles 21:1-20. Obadiah in Hebrew means: servant of Jah. There are thirteen men named Obadiah in the Bible. Background Reading: 1:1 Obadiah’s vision: This is what the Lord GOD has to say about Edom. We have heard a report from the LORD,   Read more »

King Amaziah the 9th and a Good King of Judah

2 Kings 14:1-20 and 2 Chronicles 25:1-28. King Amaziah was good in God’s sight and reigned for 29 years 796BC-767BC. He was the son of the previous King Joash. King Jeroboam II of Israel was the contemporary king in Israel and Shalmaneser IV King of Assyria was around towards the end of King Amaziah’s reign. While King Amaziah followed God’s ways things went well, but then he started to do his own thing. Find out why he was murdered by court members in the Background Reading below. Background Reading: 14:1 Amaziah, son of Judah’s king Joash,   Read more »

Jonah, a Prophet of God, and the Whale

Jonah 1:1-17-4:11. Jonah, the prophet of the most high God, - 782BC-753BC. The prophet who traveled in a whale or large fish to Nineveh. God wanted Jonah to give a message to Nineveh in the land of Assyria, an enemy of Israel, to repent and turn to God. The city of Nineveh is now called Mosul in northern Iraq, with a Jewish quarter, synagogues, study halls and a cemetery. Background Reading: 1:1 Now this message from the LORD came to Amittai’s son Jonah: 2 “Get up and go to Nineveh, that great city! Then cry out in protest against it, because their evil has come to my attention.”   Read more »

The prophet Hosea

Hosea 1:1-14:9. The prophet Hosea lived in the Northern Kingdom of Israel which he often referred to as Ephraim. He was a prophet for God roundabout 775BC-710BC. He was asked by God to marry an unfaithful wife to whom he had three children. Background Reading: 1:1 A message from the LORD came to Beeri’s son Hosea during the reigns of Uzziah, Jotham, Ahaz, and Hezekiah, kings of Judah, and during the reign of Joash’s son Jeroboam, who was king of Israel. 2 When a message from the LORD came to Hosea, the LORD told him,   Read more »

King Hoshea the last King of Israel was taken to Assyria

2 Kings 17:1-6. Shalmaneser King of Assyria took the House of Israel, or the Northern Kingdom of Israel, to Assyria. King Hoshea 732BC-723BC the 19th King, was the last King of Israel. He did evil in the eyes of the LORD and was a traitor to Shalmaneser King of Assyria. God had told Israel to turn from their wicked ways through the prophets and seers. Background Reading: 17:1 During the twelfth year of the reign of King Ahaz of Judah, Elah’s son Hoshea became king over Israel for nine years in Samaria.   Read more »

Israel Exiled As Slaves because of sin

Israel, as the Northern Kingdom or tribes were called, had been taken because of their sin in 722BC. The people of Israel were disobedient to God and sinned. God had said through the prophets that if they sinned and did not obey Him they would go into slavery for a set period of time. Shalmaneser king of Assyria removed these Israelites from their homeland to Assyria as slaves. Later King Nebuchadnezzar of Babylon would take the Southern Kingdom, called the House of Judah, captive to Babylon, starting in 605BC. Background Reading: 2 Kings 17:7-23.   Read more »

Isaiah the Prophet (739BC-680BC) wrote the book Isaiah

2 Kings 18:1-20:21. Isaiah the Prophet (739BC-680BC) wrote the book Isaiah and his name appears in a number of other books. Isaiah prophesied in Judah during the reigns of Kings Uzziah, Jotham, Ahaz and Hezekiah. He was murdered by King Hezekiah's son King Manasseh. Isaiah in Hebrew means: Yahweh is savior. Background Reading: 1:1 This is the vision that Amoz’s son Isaiah had about Judah and Jerusalem during the reigns of Uzziah, Jotham, Ahaz, and Hezekiah, kings of Judah. 2 Listen, you heavens, and let the earth pay attention, because the LORD has spoken:   Read more »

Micah the Prophet

The Old Testament includes writings which are called major and minor prophets. They are major or minor because of their size, e.g., Isaiah and Jeremiah are called major prophets because they are large books. By contrast, there are twelve books which we call minor prophets because they are small books. The writers of the major and minor prophets lived in similar times. Micah is one of the minor prophets. Micah prophesied around 735BC-700BC which was around the same time as Isaiah 739BC-680BC. Background Reading: Micah 1:1-7.   Read more »

King Hezekiah was the 13th King of Judah

King Hezekiah was the 13th King of Judah, and in God’s eyes was a good king. Read 2 Kings 18:1-20:21 and 2 Chronicles 29:1-32:33. He reigned for 29 years - 716/15BC-687/86BC. Hezekiah in Hebrew means: Jah is strength. King Hezekiah’s prophet was Isaiah, the son of Amoz, who guided the king to what God wanted the king to do. Background Reading: 18:1 Now it happened that during the third year of the reign of Elah’s son Hoshea, king of Israel, that Ahaz’ son Hezekiah became king. 2 He was 25 years old when he became king,   Read more »

King Hezekiah – the sun goes backward

King Hezekiah became very ill with a bad boil and prayed and wept for recovery. But when the king was promised recovery, he asked for a sign. God replied through the prophet Isaiah giving King Hezekiah the choice of two amazing options: "Do you want the shadow of the sun to go forward ten steps or back ten steps?" King Hezekiah replied to Isaiah asking that the shadow go back the ten steps it had gone down on the stairway of Ahaz. And it happened!! Speaking through Isaiah, God promised that He would also add fifteen years to King Hezekiah’s life. Background Reading: 2 Kings 20:1-11.   Read more »

Jeremiah the prophet of God

Jeremiah was a prophet of God who also wrote the book of Jeremiah in the Old Testament. He lived from 627BC to 80BC. Jeremiah in Hebrew means: Jah is high. He was the son of Hilkiah, a priest from Anathoth. He prophesied during the reign of King Josiah, the 16th king of Judah, until after the Jewish Deportation to Babylon. All priests were of the tribe of Levi, but only the High Priests had to be descendants of Aaron. Jeremiah as a Priest or a Cohen(Kohen) was a direct descendant of Aaron because his father Hilkiah was a High Priest. Background Reading: Jeremiah 1:1-19.   Read more »

Jeremiah visited the potter’s house

Jeremiah 18:1-17 and 19:15. God asked Jeremiah to visit a local potter. God said, “I will give you a message for the people of Judah and those living in Jerusalem.” Jeremiah found the potter at work making clay pots. God said to Jeremiah, “Go and buy a clay jar from a potter.” God used it to explain to Jeremiah what was about to happen. Read the Background Reading below for that message God gave to Jeremiah for Judah and Jerusalem. Background Reading: 18:1 The message that came to Jeremiah from the LORD: 2 “Arise and go down to the potter’s house,   Read more »

Uriah the Prophet

Jeremiah 26:20-23. Uriah the prophet, the son of Shemaiah, led by God, prophesied against Jerusalem and this land just as Jeremiah did. This got him into trouble with King Jehoiakim of Judah who hated these messages. Uriah then escaped to Egypt to hide from the opposition but was found and brought back and killed by the king. Uriah in Hebrew means: God is my light.
Background Reading: 20 There was also a man named Uriah, Shemaiah’s son from Kiriath-jearim, who prophesied in the LORD’s name.   Read more »

The book of Daniel

Recommend you read the Book of Daniel. It covers over 70 years of Daniel’s life, who lived 605BC-536BC, and we find out why he had faith. Daniel was taken to Babylon from the land of Israel in 605BC, during the third year of the reign of King Jehoiakim. He may have been 7-12 years old. Although he was never allowed to return to his native Israel, he served God faithfully in Babylon for the rest of his life. Daniel appears to be of royal or noble descent. In Hebrew, Daniel means: God is judge. . Background Reading: Daniel 1:1-21.   Read more »

Jeremiah used a scribe called Baruch

Jeremiah used scribes to write for him. One scribe he used was called Baruch. The burning of the scroll happened in the winter, in the ninth month of the fifth year of Judah's 18th king, King Jehoiakim who ruled between 609BC-598BC. So the burning of the scroll was either 604BC or 603BC.
Background Reading: Jeremiah 36:1-32. 36:1 In the fourth year of the reign of Josiah’s son King Jehoiakim of Judah, this message came to Jeremiah from the LORD: 2 “Take a scroll and write on it all the words that I’ve spoken to you about Israel, about Judah, and about all the nations,   Read more »

King Nebuchadnezzar’s Dream

During the reign of King Nebuchadnezzar in Babylon,the king had a disturbing dream. In his distress, the king asked his royal advisers to explain the dream. However he refused to tell them what he had seen in the dream. Daniel (who is also called Belteshazzar) is then called in to interpret the dream. After time seeking God, Daniel understands the dream and explains it to the king. Read the Background Reading below to see what is to come on the earth in the future. Background Reading: Daniel 2:1-49.   Read more »

The Scroll – one of Ezekiel’s messages

Ezekiel had to eat a Scroll and then tell his people what was on it. This vision is very much like the one John had in the book of Revelation. Ezekiel in Hebrew means: My strengthener is God. He prophesied from the fifth year of the exile of King Jehoiachin, king of Judah about 593BC. The early biblical scriptures were written on a scrolls and only transposed into books about AD1000 e.g. {Luke 4:17}. Ezekiel was from the tribe of Levi, born about 623BC into a priestly family who lived around Jerusalem and the Temple. The Temple was destroyed in 586BC. Background Reading: Ezekiel 2:1-10 and 3:1-21.   Read more »

The Valley of Dry Bones

Ezekiel 37:1-14. Ezekiel's vision from God about a valley of dry bones that came alive. God told Ezekiel it was where his people that he loved were at. This is where these famous words you hear in some songs come from: "Dry bones, hear the word of the LORD." Read Background Reading to find out what happens to the dry bones. Background Reading: 37:1 The LORD laid his hand on me and brought me out by the Spirit of the LORD to the middle of a valley that was filled with bones.   Read more »

Jeremiah the Prophet of God is put down a well

Jeremiah 38:1-40:6. Jeremiah the Prophet of God was put down a well as a prisoner. This event happened during the reign of King Zedekiah, 20th and last king of Judah 597BC-586BC. During the time Jeremiah was in prison he regularly spoke to King Zedekiah. Using a well as a temporary prison was a good idea as the prisoner down the well could not climb up its sides. Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon allowed Jeremiah the prophet to live where he wanted. So Jeremiah went to Gedaliah son of Ahikam at Mizpah and stayed with him among the people who were left behind in the land.   Read more »

Zedekiah the 20th King of Judah

Zedekiah the 20th King of Judah. King Nebuchadnezzar of Babylon appointed Zedekiah to be King of Judah, which made him the 20th and, as it happened, the last king of Judah. King Zedekiah reigned for 11 years = 597BC -586BC and was evil in God’s eyes. King Nebuchadnezzar later deported King Zedekiah to Babylon because he did not do what he had asked him to do. King Nebuchadnezzar then made King Jehoiachin’s uncle, Mattaniah, King of Judah and at the same time changed the name of Mattaniah to Zedekiah. Background Reading: 2 Kings 24:17-25:30.   Read more »

Jerusalem goes into captivity

2 Kings 25:1-25. King Nebuchadnezzar of Babylon came again and finally destroyed Jerusalem and the Temple in 586BC. He took The exiles, including Daniel, to Babylon. The exiles were taken in three groups, Daniel was in the first of these groups. Remember King Nebuchadnezzar had taken the city 19 years earlier in 605BC. Yet some of the Jews who were left behind rebelled against King Nebuchadnezzar of Babylon and fled to Egypt. Background Reading: 25:1 so on the tenth day of the tenth month of the ninth year of Zedekiah’s reign, King Nebuchadnezzar   Read more »

Judah goes into Slavery to Babylon

King Zedekiah of Judah and some of the people of Judah were taken captive as slaves to Babylon in 586BC. Many of the very poor were left behind to till or work the ground as farmers. The exiles were taken at three different times by King Nebuchadnezzar of Babylon. Years were 605BC, 595BC and 586BC. This time Jerusalem was totally destroyed and it was Nebuchadnezzar’s Third Capture of Jerusalem. As God had told them, they were away for seventy years, as the land made up for the lost yearly Sabbath rests. Background Reading: 2 Chronicles 36:11-21.   Read more »

Golden Image made by King Nebuchadnezzar of Babylon

King Nebuchadnezzar of Babylon made a golden Image 27 meters (90 feet) tall. The King decreed, “When you hear the music, everyone must fall down and worship the image of gold!” But some of God’s people did not obey the King. They wanted to obey the Lord God, who had said do not bow down and worship idols made by man. Read the Background Reading to find out what happens. After you have read Background Reading, click on “next” at the bottom right of the page to get the next part of the story. Background Reading: Daniel 3:1-12.   Read more »

Fiery test in the Fiery Furnace

In 605BC, not only Daniel, but also three of his friends, were captured by King Nebuchadnezzar of Babylon. Daniel’s friends, Hananiah, Mishael, and Azariah (their Hebrew names) were given Babylonian names - Shadrach, Meshach, and Abednego. Later in their lives they were challenged by a test of their allegiance - would they obey God or would they obey King Nebuchadnezzar of Babylon. Read the Bible reading below to find out what happened to them. What happened to get King Nebuchadnezzar of Babylon so excited? Background Reading: Daniel 3:13-30.   Read more »

Daniel in the Lions Den

Daniel (605BC-536BC) as a young Jewish boy (he may have been 7-12 years old) was taken from his Jewish homeland into captivity by the armies of King Nebuchadnezzar of Babylon. Throughout his 90 year lifetime, Daniel lived under the reign of at least 3 different kings. Because of his faith in God and his exceptional qualities, one of these kings, King Darius, planned to set Daniel over his whole kingdom. He was liked by all except those who wanted his appointed position of service. That jealousy saw him put into a lion’s den for a night. Background Reading: Daniel 6:1-28.   Read more »

The prophet Zechariah 520BC-488?BC

Zechariah 1:1-13. Zechariah son of Berekiah, the son of Iddo, prophesied 520BC-488?BC and was of the priestly tribe of Levi. The book of Zechariah is an interesting prophetic book with only fourteen chapters. It starts with 'A Call to Obedience' and ends with 'The Coming of the Messiah and His Kingdom'. Unlike the prophet Zechariah in Hebrews who was killed about 795BC-796BC, we have no account of how or when this Zechariah died. Over 25 men with the name Zechariah are mentioned in the Bible. Zechariah in Hebrew means: Jehovah remembers or renowned.   Read more »

Temple rebuilt by Zerubbabel

Zerubbabel led the first group of exiles back to Jerusalem in 536BC. Grandson of King Jehoiakim 18th King of Judah. Zerubbabel the son of Shealtiel, from the tribe of Judah, was the governor of Jerusalem and Joshua the son of Jehozadak was the high priest. Temple rebuild was started 536BC, then there was a break of fourteen years. The temple rebuild project restarted again in 520BC and finished 516BC. Zerubbabel in Hebrew means: Shoot of Babylon. Two of the prophets around at this time were Haggai and Zechariah. Background Reading: Haggai 1:1-2:23.   Read more »

Esther becomes the Queen of Persia

The beautiful Jewish girl from the tribe of Benjamin who saved her people, the people of Israel. Esther became the wife of King Ahasuerus of Persia, also known as Xerxes or Achashverosh, the son of Darius I Hystaspes, about the year 478BC. Esther is the Persian name for Hadassah. She was the daughter of Abihail, who was Mordecai's uncle. (Mordecai had adopted his younger cousin Hadassah.) Hadassah in Hebrew means: Myrtle and her Persian name Esther means: The planet Venus. Today the deliverance of Israel recorded in the book of Esther is celebrated by the feast of Purim. Esther 1:1-9.   Read more »

Nehemiah rebuilds the walls

Nehemiah a man of prayer and Cupbearer to the King Artaxerxes (Artch'shashta). Nehemiah later became Governor of Jerusalem. And rebuilt the walls of Jerusalem in 52 days. Nehemiah in Hebrew means: Jah is comfort. The book of Nehemiah, named after Nehemiah is the memoir, of building the walls of Jerusalem and of setting up the Jewish community in Jerusalem. The first three chapters of Nehemiah cover the rebuilding of the walls to keep the people of God safe. The next four chapters cover God taking a personal interest in each person. Background Reading: Nehemiah 2:1-10.   Read more »


Nehemiah 8:2-18 or Ezra 1:1-13:30. Ezra a famous priest and scribe, a descendant from Hilkiah the high priest. Ezra returned from captivity to Jerusalem in 458BC. Ezra in Hebrew means: Help. He wrote the books, Ezra and Nehemiah. The emphasis in the book of Ezra is the rebuilding of the Temple. Ezra also helped rebuild Israel's faith after the exile. Background Reading: 8:1All the people gathered as a united body into the plaza in front of the Water Gate. They asked Ezra the scribe to bring out the Book of the Law of Moses, which the LORD had commanded for Israel.   Read more »

Malachi a prophet of God

Malachi lived – 435?BC-412?BC. Malachi’s main concern was that the people of Israel had once again forgotten God and were failing to do what God required. Malachi, along with Haggai and Zechariah, were three prophets who prophesied after the Jews returned from captivity in Babylon. That is they were called "post-exile prophets. Malachi in Hebrew means: Messenger of Jah. Malachi also writes about the coming of the Messiah. Background Reading: Malachi 1:1-4:6.   Read more »

400 Years – the gap between Malachi and Jesus

The closing of the book of Malachi ends what we call the Old Testament, and starts a 400 year period of Divine silence in Bible history which ended with the arrival of Jesus on earth. This 'gap' was from about 420BC to about 7BC and is noteworthy for no messages from God to any of the restored people of Israel. God was fulfilling prophecy and counting down to the time when Jesus would arrive on this earth. Jesus' arrival opens for us the New Testament and its first book, the Gospel of Matthew. The Greek translation of the Hebrew Bible started about 284 B.C. It was called the Septuagint.   Read more »

Hasmonean Dynasty, This family stayed faithful to God

Maccabee in Hebrew means: Hammer. This was the nickname for Judas one of the five sons of a Jewish priest from Modiin, Mattathias the Hasmonean, Judas, continued to lead the revolt after the death of his father and the Hasmonean dynasty ruled Israel between 168BC-63BC. The Hasmonean dynasty ended in 37 BCE when the Idumean Herod the Great became king of Israel. He was put in by the Roman Senate. The Seleucid Empire based in Syria was the occupying force in Israel at this time and forced on the local Jews the Greek ways and thinking.   Read more »

A Roman Soldier representing the Roman Empire in the restored Israel

Two brothers from the Hasmonean dynasty in 63BC, Hyrcanus and Aristobulus, vied for the throne in Jerusalem. Because neither could win, they invited Rome to intervene a bad move. Rome agreed and the Roman overlords did not leave Israel until the Empire fell some 500 years later. The Romans were seen as a foreign occupying force by many of the local Jews. The headquarters of the Roman army was at Caesarea with a seaport called Sebastos. In 63 BC the Roman General Pompey captured Jerusalem after being invited to come by both Hyrcanus and Aristobulus.   Read more »

King Herod the Great built a Temple for the Jews

King Herod rebuilt the temple at Jerusalem and many other building projects around Israel, including Caesarea with its seaport. King Herod the Great pulled down the Temple that Zerubbabel had built in 516BC. King Herod then started to build a new temple in 20BC. It took 46 years to rebuild and was finished about AD25 - see John 2:22. So it was basically a new building at the start of Jesus’ ministry and was in the process of being built when Jesus was presented there as a baby and as a twelve-year-old boy.   Read more »

Angel Gabriel God’s Messenger

The angel Gabriel told Mary that she was going to have a baby, and to call him Jesus. Also that Elizabeth her cousin was six months pregnant. Mary in answering the angel calls herself a bond slave to the Most High God: “I am the Lord’s servant.” In Greek, the word "servant" means bond slave. In Hebrew Gabriel means: God is mighty. Angels are God's messengers. God has used angels to announce to mankind things He is going to do. For example, Abraham, Daniel, and John in the book of Revelation. Background Reading: Luke chapters 1:1-2:52 & 3:21-38 Matthew chapters 1:1-24 and 2:1-23   Read more »

The cross, a Roman method of killing people

Jesus died on a Roman death machine to bring us life. The main purpose of Jesus' life was for Him to die on the cross, and then to be raised to life from the dead. This resurrection enables us to access God, His Father. In Genesis 3:14-15 God told Satan he was going to lose and His son Jesus was going to win the war between Satan and God over mankind. Jesus said, “I am the way and the truth and the life.” The cross is the ultimate in love from God. Jesus God's only Son died on a Roman death machine to bring us life and right relationship with God His father. Background Reading: Luke 22:1-24:12.   Read more »

Jesus – The author and giver of all faith

The only perfect man who ever walked on this earth. His public ministry was but three and a half short years. God has planned (promised) something better for us so that only through Jesus we can come to the Father. Only together with Jesus would we be made perfect. Background Reading: Old Testament Bible references: - Genesis 1:1-, Isaiah etc. New Testament Bible references: - Mark, Luke, John, Revelation etc. Also look at these modules Birth of Jesus or Acts or The book Revelation.   Read more »

Questions and Answers 1-14

1. Which of the sons of King Solomon became king after he had died? 2. The northern kingdom was called the House of Israel and the southern kingdom was called the House of Judah. Is this correct? 3. Did King Asa ruled for 41 years? 4. Who was murdered by Baasha while they were at war with the Philistines? 5. Who married Jezebel, daughter of Ethbaal 1 the King of the Tyre? 6. What did the Widow of Zarephath recive? 7. Who did Elijah the prophet on Mount Carmel fight against? 8. How did Queen Jezebel die? 9. What did God think of King Ahab killing Naboth the Jezreelite?   Read more »

Questions and Answers 15-27

15. What did Elisha the man of God do for Naaman? 16. What does Obadiah the prophet of God name mean in Hebrew? 17. While King Amaziah 9th King of Judah followed God’s ways what happened? 18. Jonah, a Prophet of God. Why did God want Jonah to give a message to Nineveh in the land of Assyria, an enemy of Israel? 19. What did God ask the Prophet Hosea to do? 20. King Hoshea the last King of Israel was taken to Assyria by Whom? 21. Israel, as the Northern Kingdom or tribes were called, had been taken because of their sin in which year?   Read more »

Questions and Answers 28-41

28. Killed by King Jehoiakim of Judah. 29. Who wrote the book of Daniel? 30. Did Jeremiah used a scribe called Baruch? 31. Who ended up interpreting King Nebuchadnezzar’s Dream? 32. What did Ezekiel have to do with the scroll? The Scroll – one of Ezekiel’s messages. 33. What is the name of famous song about The Valley of Dry Bones? 34. Jeremiah the Prophet of God is put down a well. Who was the important man that Jeremiah spoke with during this time? 35. What happened to King Zedekiah the 20th King of Judah? 36. What happened to the people of Jerusalem?   Read more »

Questions and Answers 42-53

42. What years was Temple rebuilt by Zerubbabel, started and finished? 43. Who won a beauty Queen contest and saved her people from being killed? 44. King Artaxerxes of Babylon sent who to rebuild a wall around Jerusalem? 45. Which year did Ezra return from captivity to Jerusalem? 46. Who wrote the last Old Testament book of the Bible? 47. The gap between Malachi and Jesus is approximately how many years? 48. Hasmonean Dynasty, This family stayed faithful to God and defended the Jewish rights and customs between what years?   Read more »

The 20 Kings of Judah who ruled between – 931BC-586BC

1. Rehoboam (evil) 931/30-913, 7 years Son Died 1 Kings 11:42-14:31 2 Chronicles 9:31-12:16.
2. Abijah (evil) 913- 911/10, 3 years Son Died 1 Kings 14:31-15 2 Chronicles 13:1-22.
3. Asa (Good) 911/10-870/69, 41 years Son Died 1 Kings 15:9-24 2 Chronicles 15:16-16:6.
4. Jehoshaphat (Good) 873/72-848, 25 years Son Died 1 Kings 22:41-50 2 Chronicles 20:31-21:1.   Read more »

The 19 Kings of Israel who ruled between – 931BC-722BC

1. Jeroboam I (evil) 931/30-910/09=22 years unknown Stricken by God 1 Kings 11:26-14:20 2 Chronicles 9:29-13:22
2. Nadab (evil) 910/09-909/08,=2 years Son Murdered by Baasha 1 Kings 15:25-28
3. Baasha (evil) 909/08-886/85,=24 years unknown Died 1 Kings 15:27-16:7 2 Chronicles 16:1-4
4. Elah (evil) 886/85-885/84,=2 years Son Murdered by Zimri 1 Kings 16:6-14   Read more »

Time Line for Divided Kingdom

Time Line for the Divided Kingdom 900bc-700bc and 700bc-400bc
Time Line for Divided Kingdom 900bc-700bc and 700bc-400bc
Time Line for Divided Kingdom 900bc-700bc and 700bc-400bc
Time Line for the Divided Kingdom 900bc-700bc and 700bc-400bc   Read more »

Background Information – Prophets and Kings

Background Notes And Study Material for: The Divided Kingdoms and The Prophets to ask for and receive some of the material that was used in preparing THE DIVIDED KINGDOMS AND THE PROPHETS.   Read more »

Resources – Prophets and Kings

RESOURCE BOOKS: The Macmillan Bible Atlas by Yohanan Aharoni and Michael Avi-Yonah. The Mysterious Numbers of the Hebrew Kings by Dr. Edwin Thiele Paternoster press 1951. Young's Analytical Concordance. Time Lines By Zondervan - Chronological and background of New Testament. Timelines of the western church – Susan Lynn Paterson 1999 Zondervan Publishers. Great Events of The Bible Times - James Harper Edition Marshall Editions LTD 1987 ISBN 0-297-79068-4. Clarke's Commentary.   Read more »

Next Module – 400 years

Next Module - 400 years gap
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Now we can study the 400 years between the Old and New testaments or go and study the Birth of Jesus.