The Old Testament includes writings which are called major and minor prophets. They are major or minor because of their size, e.g., Isaiah and Jeremiah are called major prophets because they are large books. By contrast, there are twelve books which we call minor prophets because they are small books. The writers of the major and minor prophets lived in similar times.
Micah is one of the minor prophets. Micah prophesied around 735BC-700BC which was around the same time as Isaiah 739BC-680BC.
One of Micah’s prophecies is quoted in the Gospels, stating where Jesus was to be found by the Magi, as given to Herod the Great by the Sanhedrin – see Micah 5:2.
Like Jonah, Micah’s preaching changed history. As directed by God, Jonah challenged the city of Nineveh and Micah challenged the city of Jerusalem. Both cities got approximately another hundred years of life because they repented and turned to the one true God.
Background Reading: Micah 1:1-7
God’s Coming Judgment
1:1 This message from the LORD came to Micah of Moresheth during the reigns of the Judean kings Jotham, Ahaz, and Hezekiah concerning the vision he saw about Samaria and Jerusalem:
2 “Listen, people! All of you! Earth! Pay attention, and all you inhabitants of it! May the Lord GOD be a witness against you— the Lord from his holy Temple.
3 Look here! The LORD is coming from his place! He will come down and will trample down the high places throughout the land.
4 The mountains will melt under him and the valleys will split apart, like wax in the presence of fire and like water gushing down a steep incline.
5 All this comes about due to the transgression of Jacob, and due to the sins of the house of Israel. What is Jacob’s sin? It’s Samaria, isn’t it? And what’s Judah’s high place? It’s Jerusalem, isn’t it?
6 “So I will turn Samaria into a mound of dirt in a field, a place to plant vineyards. And I will dump her building stones into the valley, uncovering her foundation.
7 All of her carved images will be crushed to pieces, all the earnings of her prostitution will be burned up, and I will destroy all her idols; because she collected the wages of prostitution, and to the wages of prostitution they will return.”
Read the rest of the book of Micah 1:8-7:20.
Other modules in this unit:
- King Rehoboam the first King of Judah
- King Jeroboam the first King of the House of Israel
- King Asa the 3rd and a Good King of Judah
- King Nadab the 2nd King of Israel
- King Ahab becomes the 7th King of Israel
- The Widow of Zarephath received back her dead son
- Elijah the prophet on Mount Carmel
- Queen Jezebel an evil queen
- Naboth’s family Vineyard and King Ahab
- Micaiah a man of God, prophesies against King Ahab
- Elisha the prophet who took over from Elijah
- Elisha’s second of 32 Miracles – Healing of the water
- The miracle of the Widow’s oil
- The Shunammite woman had her son restored back to life
- Naaman the man healed of Leprosy by Elisha the man of God
- Obadiah the prophet of God
- King Amaziah the 9th and a Good King of Judah
- Jonah, a Prophet of God, and the Whale
- The prophet Hosea
- King Hoshea the last King of Israel was taken to Assyria
- Israel Exiled As Slaves because of sin
- Isaiah the Prophet (739BC-680BC) wrote the book Isaiah
- Micah the Prophet
- King Hezekiah was the 13th King of Judah
- King Hezekiah – the sun goes backward
- Jeremiah the prophet of God
- Jeremiah visited the potter’s house
- Uriah the Prophet
- The book of Daniel
- Jeremiah used a scribe called Baruch
- King Nebuchadnezzar’s Dream
- The Scroll – one of Ezekiel’s messages
- The Valley of Dry Bones
- Jeremiah the Prophet of God is put down a well
- Zedekiah the 20th King of Judah
- Jerusalem goes into captivity
- Judah goes into Slavery to Babylon
- Golden Image made by King Nebuchadnezzar of Babylon
- Fiery test in the Fiery Furnace
- Daniel in the Lions Den
- The prophet Zechariah 520BC-488?BC
- Temple rebuilt by Zerubbabel
- Esther becomes the Queen of Persia
- Nehemiah rebuilds the walls
- Malachi a prophet of God
- 400 Years – the gap between Malachi and Jesus
- Hasmonean Dynasty, This family stayed faithful to God
- A Roman Soldier representing the Roman Empire in the restored Israel
- King Herod the Great built a Temple for the Jews
- Angel Gabriel God’s Messenger
- The cross, a Roman method of killing people
- Jesus – The author and giver of all faith
- Questions and Answers 1-14
- Questions and Answers 15-27
- Questions and Answers 28-41
- Questions and Answers 42-53
- The 20 Kings of Judah who ruled between – 931BC-586BC
- The 19 Kings of Israel who ruled between – 931BC-722BC
- Time Line for Divided Kingdom
- Background Information – Prophets and Kings
- Resources – Prophets and Kings
- Next Module – 400 years