The Ten Commandments or 10 Laws of God, Exodus 20:1-17


Moses went up Mount Sinai and received from God ten Commandments or Laws, written on both sides of two tablets of stone. The writing was the writing of God.
The ten commandments or ten laws are the bases which some of today’s countries use to make up their laws.
This was the first time Moses went up the mountain. Afterwards, in a fit of rage against the people’s idolatry, Moses broke the stone tablets; so he returned back up the mountain and received a second set from God.
At the same time Moses got other rules for the Israelis to live by including how the Tabernacle was to be made.

Background Reading:

The Ten Commandments

20:1 Then God spoke all these words:


2 “I am the LORD your God, who brought you out of the land of Egypt, out of the house of slavery. 3 You are to have no other gods besides me.


4 “You are not to make for yourselves an idol, or any likeness of what is in heaven above, or on earth below, or in the water under the earth. 5 You are not to bow down to them in worship or serve them, because I, the LORD your God, am a jealous God, punishing the children for the iniquity of the parents to the third and fourth generations of those who hate me, 6 but showing gracious love to the thousandth generation of those who love me and keep my commandments.


7 “You are not to misuse the name of the LORD your God, because the LORD will not leave the one who misuses his name unpunished.


8 “Remember to keep the Sabbath day holy. 9 You are to labor and do all your work during six days, 10 but the seventh day is a Sabbath to the LORD your God. You are not to do any work—neither you, nor your son, nor your daughter, nor your male or female servant, nor your livestock, nor the alien who is within your gates— 11 because the LORD made the heavens and the earth and the sea, and all that is in them, in six days, then he rested on the seventh day. Therefore, the LORD blessed the Sabbath day and made it holy.


12 “Honor your father and your mother, so that you may live long in the land that the LORD your God is giving you.


13 “You are not to commit murder.


14 “You are not to commit adultery.


15 “You are not to steal.


16 “You are not to testify falsely against your neighbor.


17 “You are not to covet your neighbor’s house. You are not to covet your neighbor’s wife, his male or female servant, his ox, his donkey, or anything that belongs to your neighbor.”
Exodus 20:1-17
also read Exodus 21:1 – 31:18 and Deuteronomy 5:6-21

Other modules in this unit: