The ten plagues in Egypt, Exodus 7:14-12:30


The Pharaoh or king of Egypt would not let Moses take God’s people back to the promised land. So God said that He would send plagues to demonstrate His power to Pharaoh so strongly that he would have to harden his heart in order to resist and keep God’s people in Egypt. At the end of all the plagues Pharaoh would have to let God’s people go.

The Ten plagues from God on the King of Egypt consisted of:
blood, frogs, gnats, flies, livestock, boils, hail, locusts, darkness, and finally the death of the first born.

Background Reading:

1. The first Plague – Water is Turned into Blood

7:14 Then the LORD told Moses, “Pharaoh’s heart is hard. He has refused to let the people go. 15 Go to Pharaoh in the morning as he’s going down to the water. Stand on the bank of the Nile River and meet him. Be sure to take with you the staff that was turned into a snake. 16 Then say to him, ‘The LORD God of the Hebrews, has sent me to you. He says, “Let my people go so they may serve me in the desert, but until now you haven’t obeyed.”’

17 “‘This is what the LORD says: “This is how you’ll know that I am the LORD: Right now I’m going to strike the water of the Nile River with the staff that’s in my hand, and it will be turned to blood. 18 The fish in the Nile River will die and the river will stink. The Egyptians will be unable to drink water from the Nile River. ”’”

19 The LORD also told Moses, “Tell Aaron, ‘Take your staff and stretch out your hand over the waters of Egypt, over their rivers, over their Nile River , over their ponds, and over their reservoirs, and they’ll become blood. There will be blood throughout the land of Egypt, even in their wood and stone containers.’”

20 Moses and Aaron did just what the LORD had commanded. Aaron raised his staff and struck the water in the Nile River in front of Pharaoh and his officials, and all the water in the Nile River turned to blood. 21 The fish in the Nile River died and the river stank. The Egyptians were not able to drink water from the Nile River, and blood was throughout the land of Egypt. 22 But the Egyptian magicians did the same thing with their secret arts. Pharaoh’s heart was stubborn, and he did not listen to them, just as the LORD had said. 23 Then Pharaoh turned away, went to his palace, and paid no attention to any of this. 24 All the Egyptians dug around the Nile River for water to drink because they could not drink from the water in the Nile River.
Exodus 7:14-24

Read the rest of the Plagues Exodus 7:25-11:10

Other modules in this unit: