The High Priests were told to do certain jobs and to wear particular clothes.
The High Priests were from the tribe of Levi.
Aaron was the first High Priest and his son Eleazar was the next High Priest after Aaron had died.
The High Priests were appointed to go between God and man until Jesus came, who died and rose again on the third day, as Scripture said would happen.
The Priestly Garments
39:1 From the blue, purple, and scarlet material they made finely woven garments for ministering in the Holy Place, and they made the holy garments for Aaron, just as the LORD commanded Moses.
2 He made the ephod out of gold, blue, purple, and scarlet material and fine woven linen. 3 They hammered out gold sheets and cut off threads to work into the blue, purple, and scarlet material and into the fine linen, a work of skillful design. 4 They made connecting shoulder pieces for the ephod and attached them to its two edges. 5 The skillfully woven band that was on it was made like it, of one piece with it: of gold, blue, purple, and scarlet material and fine woven linen, just as the LORD commanded Moses. 6 They prepared the onyx stones, engraved with the names of the sons of Israel like the engraving on a signet, and mounted them in settings of gold filigree. 7 He put them on the shoulder pieces of the ephod as stones of remembrance for the sons of Israel, just as the LORD commanded Moses.
The Breast Piece
8 He made a breast piece, skillfully worked, like the work of the ephod: of gold, blue, purple, and scarlet material and fine woven linen. 9 They made the breast piece square when folded double: one span in length and one span in width when folded double. 10 They mounted on it four rows of stones. The first row was a row of carnelian, topaz, and emerald; 11 the second row ruby, sapphire, and crystal; 12 the third row jacinth, agate, and amethyst; 13 and the fourth row beryl, onyx, and jasper. They were set in gold filigree when they were mounted. 14 The stones corresponded to the names of the sons of Israel, twelve stones corresponding to their names, with the engraving of a signet,g each with the name of one of the twelve tribes.
15 They made chains of pure gold twisted like cords for the breast piece. 16 They made two settings of gold filigree and two gold rings, and they put the two rings on the two edges of the breast piece. 17 They put the two gold cords on the two gold rings at the edges of the breast piece, 18 and they attached the other two ends of the two cords to the filigree settings, and then attached them to the shoulder pieces of the ephod in front. 19 They made two gold rings and attached them to the two edges of the breast piece, on the side of it which is toward the inner side of the ephod. 20 They made two gold rings and attached them in front, on the lower part of the two shoulder pieces of the ephod, close to the place where it’s joined, above the skillfully woven band of the ephod. 21 They tied the breast piece by its rings to the rings of the ephod with a blue cord so it would rest on the skillfully woven band of the ephod and so the breast piece would not come loose from the ephod.
The Robe of the Ephod
22 He made the robe of the ephod of woven work, entirely of blue. 23 The opening of the robe was in the middle, like the opening of a coat of mail, with a binding around the opening so it would not be torn. 24 On the hem of the robe, they placed pomegranates made of blue, purple, and scarlet material and woven linen. 25 They made bells of pure gold, and put the bells between the pomegranates, on the hem of the robe, all around between the pomegranates. 26 There was a bell and a pomegranate, then a bell and a pomegranate, all around the hem of the robe for when the High Priest ministered,k just as the LORD commanded Moses.
The Other Priestly Garments
27 They made tunics for Aaron and his sons, woven from fine linen, 28 the turban of fine linen, decorated head coverings of fine linen, linen undergarments of fine woven linen, 29 and the sash of fine woven linen, woven of blue, purple, and scarlet material, just as the LORD had commanded Moses. 30 They made the medallion for the holy crown of pure gold, and they wrote on it an inscription like the engraving on a seal: “Holy to the LORD.” 31 They fastened a blue cord to it in order to fasten it on the turban above, as the LORD had commanded Moses.
Other modules in this unit:
- Life of Moses – Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, and Deuteronomy
- 300-year gap between Joseph and Moses, Exodus 1:1-14
- First 40 years of the life of Moses, Exodus 2:1-15
- Thutmose I, the Pharaoh or king of Egypt, Exodus 1:1-22
- Miriam kept eye on Moses after he had been placed as a baby in a boat, Exodus 2:1-10
- Second set of 40 years, Exodus 2:11 – 7:7
- God spoke to Moses out of a burning bush, Exodus 3:1-3
- Moses was asked to take off his sandals by God, Exodus 3:4-22 & 4:1-17
- The third set of 40 years, Exodus 7:8-13 – Deuteronomy 34:12
- Aaron’s Staff becomes a Snake, Exodus 7:8-13
- The ten plagues of Egypt, Exodus 7:14-12:30
- Ninth plague – Darkness, Exodus 10:21-29
- Tenth plague – Firstborn die, Exodus 11:1-10
- Passover commemorates the Exodus from Egypt, Exodus 12:1-10
- Moses the friend of God
- Pillar of Cloud by Day, Exodus 13:20-22
- Pillar of fire by night, Exodus 13:20-22
- The Chariots of the Egyptian army, Exodus 14:1-31
- Moses crosses the Red Sea, Exodus 14:1-31
- Moses’ older sister Miriam sings a song, Exodus 15:1-21
- Waters of Marah and Elim, Exodus 15:22-27
- Manna means ‘What Is It?’, Exodus 16:1-36
- Water from The Rock at Massah, Exodus 17:1-7
- Moses at Mount Sinai, Exodus 19:1-25
- The Ten Commandments or Ten Words of God, Exodus 20:1-17
- The Three Annual Feasts of God, Exodus 23:14-19
- The Feast of Passover, Numbers 28:16-31
- Feast of Weeks or Pentecost, Numbers 28:26-31
- Feast of Trumpets or Feast of Shofars, Numbers 29:1-40
- The Golden Calf, the idol made by Aaron, Exodus 32:1-35
- Moses with the New Stone Tablets, Exodus 34:1-35
- 1st five of the Ten Commandments, Exodus 20:1-12
- 2nd five of the Ten Commandments, Exodus 20:1-21
- Ark of God – Exodus 25:10-22 & 37:1-9
- The High Priest of Israel, Exodus 39:1-31
- Tabernacle, Exodus 39:32-43 & 40:1-38
- Aaron and Miriam oppose Moses, Numbers 12:1-16
- Exploring Canaan by 12 spies, Numbers 13:1-33
- 37 years in the wilderness, Numbers 14:33-34
- Aaron’s Rod that budded, Numbers 17:1-13
- Speak to the Rock “Give Water”, Numbers 20:1-13
- Death of Aaron, Numbers 20:22-29
- The Bronze Snake, Numbers 21:4-9
- Balak Summons Balaam, Numbers 22:1-24:25
- Six cities of Refuge for Israel, Numbers 35:1-34 & Deuteronomy 4:41-43
- Daughters of Zelophehad, Numbers 36:1-12
- Moses Blesses the Tribes with Three Sermons, Deuteronomy 33:1-29
- Moses lived for 120 years, Deuteronomy 34:1-12
- Caleb was the son of Jephunneh, Numbers 14:26-38
- Joshua – The Fall of Jericho, Joshua 5:13-15 & 6:1-27
- Questions and Answers 1-16
- Questions and Answers 17-32
- Questions and Answers 33-49
- Time Line for Life of Moses
- Background Information – Life of Moses
- Next Module – Judges or rulers of Israel
- Resources – Life of Moses
- The Jewish Festival of Sukkot
- Yom Kippur, means “Day of Atonement”
- Rosh Hashanah or Yom Teruah (The Day of the Sounding of Shofar)