Peter and John before the Sanhedrin, Acts 4:1-22

Peter in Court Again – Peter’s 3rd sermon and 1st jailing. AD33-AD34 – Acts 4:5-22.

After healing the crippled man, Peter along with John ends up in front of the ruling Jewish leaders (Sanhedrin) who questioned Peter. They wanted to know under whose authority Peter had healed the cripple.

Peter then starts to explain what had happened along with whose authority he had used, that of Jesus the Son of God.

This was the first persecution of the early church. Which was to become one of a many for the early church.

The Sanhedrin could not decide how to punish Peter and John because the healed man was over forty years and all the people were praising God.

Background Reading:

Peter and John are Tried before the Sanhedrin the Jewish Council

4:1 While they were speaking to the people, the priests, the commander of the Temple guards, and the Sadducees came to them. 2 They were greatly disturbed that Peter and John were teaching the people and announcing that Jesus had been resurrected from the dead. 3 So they arrested them and placed them in custody until the next day, since it was already evening. 4 But many of those who heard their message believed, and the men grew to number about 5,000.

5 The next day, their rulers, elders, and scribes met in Jerusalem 6 with Annas the high priest, Caiaphas, John, Alexander, and the rest of the high priest’s family. 7 They made Peter and John stand in front of them and began asking, “By what power or by what name did you do this?”

8 Peter, filled with the Holy Spirit, told them, “Rulers and elders of the people! 9 If we are being questioned today for a good deed done for someone who was sick or to learn how this man was healed, 10 you and all the people of Israel must understand that this man stands healthy before you because of the name of Jesus from Nazareth, whom you crucified, but whom God raised from the dead. 11 He is

‘the stone that was rejected by you builders,

which has become the cornerstone.’

12 There is no salvation by anyone else, for there is no other name under heaven given among people by which we must be saved.”

13 Now when the Jewish leaders saw the boldness of Peter and John and found out that they were uneducated and ordinary men, they were amazed and realized that they had been with Jesus. 14 And seeing the man who was healed standing with them, they could not say anything against them. 15 So they ordered them to leave the Council and began to discuss the matter among themselves. 16 They said, “What should we do with these men? For it’s obvious to everybody living in Jerusalem that an unmistakable sign has been done by them, and we cannot deny it. 17 But to keep it from spreading any further among the people, let us warn them never again to speak to anyone in this name.”

18 So they called Peter and John back in and ordered them not to speak or teach at all in the name of Jesus. 19 But Peter and John answered them, “You must decide whether it is right in the sight of God to listen to you rather than God, 20 for we cannot stop talking about what we’ve seen and heard.”

21 So they threatened Peter and John even more and then let them go. They couldn’t find any way to punish them, because all the people were praising God for what had happened, 22 since the man on whom this sign of healing had been performed was more than 40 years old.
Acts 4:1–22

More Information:

The Sanhedrin comprised seventy Jewish Religious law makers of the day. The high priest, his family and associates were members of the party of the Sadducees, a group of Jews who were against Jesus and his followers.

Unschooled meant they had not gone to Training School to become a teacher of the Law of Moses.


Other modules in this unit: