Two brothers from the Hasmonean dynasty in 63BC, Hyrcanus and Aristobulus, vied for the throne in Jerusalem. Because neither could win they invited Rome to intervene, which they did, and the Roman overlords did not leave until the Empire fell some 500 years later.
The Romans were seen as a foreign occupying force by many of the local Jews.
The headquarters of the Roman army was at Caesarea, with a seaport called Sebastos.
In 63 BC the Roman general Pompey was only too happy to come to the assistance of the Hasmoneans.
The Jews had to pay taxes to Rome and that is why they hated the tax collectors like Matthew.
By law, a Roman soldier could force anybody to carry his equipment one mile. – Matthew 5:41.
Other modules in this unit:
- Start of the 400 Year gap between Malachi and Jesus
- Alexander the Great
- Antiochus IV Epiphanes
- Hasmonean Dynasty. This family stayed faithful to God
- Temple built by Zerubbabel is purified and rededicated
- High Priest
- High Priest – John Hyrcanus II
- Roman Soldier
- King Herod the Great
- Temple Built By King Herod the Great
- End of the 400 Year gap between Malachi and Jesus
- John the Baptist suffered wearing sheepskins
- The Angel Gabriel Talks To Mary
- Jesus A Newly Born Baby
- Jesus the Man
- The death of Jesus on the cross
- Jesus is coming from the cloud
- Questions and Answers 1-17
- Next Module – The Birth of Jesus » »
- Time Line for 400 years
- Background Information: 400 Years
- Resources: 400 Years