TIME LINE from 400BC to AD10

Approximately 4 A4  pages from 400BC-AD10 set up so you can print them.

MALACHI TO THE MESSIAH
End of the writing of books Malachi and Ezra 400BC TO THE MESSIAH 12BC – 3BC.
Please enjoy looking at this table of contents as much as we did in making it.

WORLD/SECULAR HISTORY year/month/day Christian History and Jewish History
Historical events in Politics and Business   Events and history that happened in both faiths
    including Christian & Jewish people
    MALACHI TO THE MESSIAH
     End of the writing of books Malachi and Ezra 400BC 
     TO THE MESSIAH 12BC – 3BC
  458-445BC   Ezra
     
  430-415BC  Joiada High Priest
     
Darius 11 Nothos – king of the Persian Empire  423-404BC  
Persian Period  420-330BC  
     
Lgimouns  420BC  
  410-408BC Johanan High Priest
     
Bigvais (Bagoas) Governor of Judah  410-408  
  408-???BC  Jaddua High Priest
     
Artaxerxes II Mnemon  404–359BC
Egyptian revolt against PERSIA  404-341 BC  
     
Revolt of Cyrus  404BC  
Battle of Cunaxa – Persia between 2 brothers 401BC  
Xenophon’s Anabasis  401?BC  
The march of the 10,000 told by Xenophon, in his book “The Persian Expedition”.  401-400BC  
Greeks invent lead sling shot that went twice as far as stone sling shot 400BC  
     
OLD TESTAMENT ENDS 400BC OLD TESTAMENT ENDS
God does not speak for about 400 years  400BC  400 years
  400BC  400 years period before the start of the Gospels
Political Chaos amongst the Greeks. The rise of Macedonia and its king Philip.

Plato sets up the Academy and teaches through until around 347 BC.

Aristotle, his pupil teaches from around 350 – 320 BC.

Aristotle founds the Lyceum. He tutors a young Alexander of Macedon. 
400-339BC  
  397BC  Malachi writes his prophetic word and the Old Testament is complete.
Egyptian 28-30th dynasties     
The Celts invade Italy and sack Rome. Rome rebuilds its army and city walls.  390BC  
Artaxerxes III Ochus  359-338BC  
Greece LANGUAGE     
Philip II of Macedon conquers Greece  338BC
Victory of Philip over Athens  338BC  
Alexander the Great  336-323BC  
 Philip is murdered, Alexander the Great takes charge and leads the Greeks.

The invasion of the Persian Empire begins by Alexander the Great.
336BC  
Zeno 336-264BC
Alexander’s attack on Persia  334BC
Battle of Granicus  334BC
 Tyre falls in exactly the way that the prophet Ezekiel said it would. Ezekiel 26.

The Jews welcome Alexander the Great into Jerusalem, and many join him.

They read the prophecies of Daniel to him. Daniel 2:31-39, 8:5-7, 20-21.
333BC  
Conquered by Alexander  333BC  
Battle of Issus  333BC  
Fall of Tyre  332BC  
Alexander the Great in 21st September 331BC under the cover of a lunar eclipse, took his  331BC  
army across the Tigris River and Conquered the Persian army  331BC  
Alexander the Great conquers Palestine  330BC
At 25 he became the “Emperor of the world”     
Alexander died His Kingdom was divided in a 3 way split       
     
Death of Alexander the Great  323BC
Control of Judah by Ptolemy I  323-285BC
Aratus of Soll  315-240BC
Begining of Seleucid Era  311BC
Battle of Ipsus  301BC
Hellenistic Period: under Egypt (Ptolemies) 330-200BC  
Cleanthes the Stoic  300–220BC
First Syrian war  276-273BC
Aratus – Epicureans  circa 270BC
Second Syrian war  260-255BC
250BC  LXX or Septuagint Translation begun (Greek translation in Alexandria)
Third Syrian war  246-241BC
Antiochus 111 – 6th ruler of the Seleucid Empire  223-187BC  
        
Qin Empire (China)  221-206BC  
Antiochus III driven from Egypt: defeated at Raphia by Ptolemy IV   217BC  
Han Empire (China) 206BC-AD220
Capture of Jeruslem by Antiochus III 203BC
Under Syria (Seleucids)  200BC-166BC  
Overrun by Antiganus  ???BC  
     
Over run by Ptolemyl     
     
Conquered by Ptolemy     
       
  220-190BC  High Priest – Simon II the Just
Polybius  208-126BC  
Rosetta Stone achievements of Ptolemy V of Egypt  204-181BC  
  200BC-AD10  Dead Sea Scrolls
Antiochis III’s defeat of Egypt at the battle of Panium and control of Palestine  198BC
  190-174BC  High Priest – Onias III
Seleucids driven from Asia Minor by the Romans  188BC
Syro-Palestine ruled by Antiochus IV Epiphanes  175-163BC
  175-172BC High Priest – Jason/Jeshua
Antiochus IV Epiphanes  175-167BC  
  172-162BC  High Priest – Menelaus
Jerusalem made a Hellenistic city  172BC  
  170BC-37BC  Hasmonean Dynasty, This family stayed faithful to God. Maccabee the son of Hammer, was one of the sons,
  170BC-37BC  Hasmonean Dynasty
     Hasmonean – Family name of the Jews who lead the revolt. Judas Hasmoean nick name was Maccabees the son of Hammer
     
     Maccabees – nick name given to Judas Hamonean, later extended to his family and party
Antiochus IV forced by Rome to withdraw from Egypt 168BC
Antiochus’s attack on Jeruslem and persecution of the Jews  168BC
Antiochus IV Epiphanes a Seleucids. Defiled the temple  167BC  
     
167-160BC Judas Maaccabeus Leads the Jewish revolt against Seleucid rule
     Israel – HOPES
  166BC-63BC Under Jewish rule (Hasmoneans)
166BC Death of Mattathias Hasmonean
  164BC  Temple purified 14 December 164 BC
Death of Antiochus  163BC  
Judas’s siege of Syrian garrison in Jerusalem  163-162BC  
  162-156BC  High Priest – Alcimus
161BC Death of Judas (Maccabeus) Hasmonean
  156-142BC  High Priest – Jonathan
142BC Death of Jonathan Hasmonean
  142-135BC  High Priest – Simon,
Syria’s loss of political control over Judea  142BC  
Jewish independance gained  142BC  
Judean independance recognized by Rome senate  139BC  
135BC Death of Simon Hasmonean
135BC  Emergence of the Pharisees and the Sadducees for the first time
  135-104BC  High Priest – John Hyrcanus 1
135BC-AD66  Qumran Community
John Hyrcanus’s succession to Simon  135-105BC  
109-108BC  Destruction of the Samaritan temple on Mount Gerizim by John Hyrcanus
  104-103BC  High Priest – Aristobulus I
  103-76BC  High Priest – Alexander Jannaeus
  85?BC

 Beginning of Qumrum Community, “The Teacher of Righteousness” Dead sea Scrolls
  76-67BC  High Priest – Hyrcanus II
     Pharisees in power
Cleopatra VII [queen] – last pharaoh of Ancient Egypt 69BC-30BC
  67-63BC  High Priest – Aristobulus II
  67-63BC  Civil war between Aristobulus II and Hyrcanus II in Judea
Roman rule  63BC-AD500  
     
Roman army under Roman General Pompey conquers Judea and Jerusalem  63BC  
  400BC-AD70  From 400BC to the fall of Jerusalem in AD70 there was a Jewish High Priest
  63BC-40BC  High Priest – Hyrcanus II
Pompey’s conquering of Jeruslem 63BC
Hyrcanus installed as ruler 63BC
Roman rule — ROADS  49BC-AD???  
New Year starts on January 1st for first time, with new Roman calendar  47BC  
Antipater procurator of Judea 47BC
Herod governor of Galilee 47BC
Roman Soldier     
Julius Caesar assassinated 44BC
Invasion of Syria and Palestine by the Parthians 40BC
King Herod crowned king of the Jews 40BC
King Herod the Great starts his rule  40BC  
  40-37BC  High Priest – Antigonus
Herod the Great begins ruling Judea 37BC
  37-36BC  High Priest – Ananel, (Appointed by Herod the Great)
Parthains driven out; King Herod’s assumption of the kingdom 37-34BC
Augustus Caesar- 1st emperor of the Roman Empire  31BC-AD14  
Egypt becomes the property of the Roman Emperor, under a prefect   30BC  
Cleopatra of Egypt dies
  30BC-AD10  Hillel Chief Priest
ROMAN EMPIRE 27BC-AD476  
Augustus becomes Emperor of Rome 27BC  
  22-5BC  High Priest – Simon, son of Boethus
Herod builds MASADA as a summer place. August  20BC-AD14  
     
Herod the Great starts to build Herod’s Temple it took 46 years to build. He tore down Zerubbabel’s Temple  20BC to AD25  
  20BC  King Herod the Great’s rebuild of the Temple in Jeruslem starts
     The Romans were seen as a foreign occupying force.
Egyptian revolt PERSIA     
28-30th dynasties     
     Roman Soldier
     400 Years gap between Malachi and Jesus
Quirinius Governor of Syria  ??BC-AD??  
Publius Sulpicius Quirinus (Cyrenius)  12BC  
     Angel Gabriel announcing Jesus birth
     Angel Gabriel is God’s messenger that told people about the birth of Jesus. Luke 1:26-38
     Jesus the man who influenced many. Luke
AD32  The Cross Jesus died on a Roman death machine to bring us life. Luke 22:1-24:12
  12BC-4BC  BIRTH OF JESUS (baby Jesus Christmas)
Building ofCaesarea completed by King Herod the Great  10BC
A Census may have began or conclusion  10-5BC  
Roman censuses were every 14 years     
     Angel Gabriel announcing Jesus birth
     John the Baptist told everyone who Jesus was. Luke 1:5-25
  12BC-4BC  BIRTH OF JESUS (baby Jesus Christmas)
     JESUS the MESSIAH was born to Miriam (Mary) (bitter)
     Tribe – Judah line of King David.
     Faith G’D (JAH) therefore G’D’S SON
     Messiah JOUSHA BAR ABBA HAMASHIA Jesus Chris
     AND HE WAS GOD’S SON
  5-4BC  High Priest – Matthias, son of Theophilus
  5BC  High Priest – Joseph, son of Elam
  4BC  High Priest – Joezer, son of Boethus
  4-1BC  High Priest – Eleazar, son of Boethus – (Appointed by Herod Archelaus
Augustus Caesar – 1st emperor of the Roman Empire  4BC  
King Herod the Great dies  4BC  
Herod the Great’s son Herod Archelaus takes over  4BC  
Archelaus, becomes the ethnarch of Judea,Samaria and Idumea 4-6BC
  AD1-AD6  High Priest – Jesus, son of Sie
  AD7  High priest – death penalty
Judea made a Roman imperial province, Jewish uprising AD7
  if AD32  Death of Jesus or Jesus Crucified Wednesday 10th April AD32 also 14th Nisan
  if AD33  Death of Jesus or Jesus Crucified Friday 14th Nisan
Tiberius Caesar – a Roman Emperor dies  March 16, AD 37  
   Jesus the man who influenced many. Luke
   The Cross – The death of Jesus. Luke 22:1-24:12
   Jesus Coming from the cloud.The same way he went to heaven as in Acts 1:9-11 and Luke 23:50-53 he will come back.
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