The Birth of Jesus covers from the announcement to Mary from the Angel Gabriel to Jesus' coming of age at age 12 and his death on the cross. The Scriptures are mainly taken from the gospels of Luke and Matthew, as well as some Old Testament scriptures.

The angel Gabriel spoke to Mary about the Birth of Jesus, Luke 1:26-38

The angel Gabriel told Mary that she was going to have a baby, and to call him Jesus. Also that Elizabeth her cousin was six months pregnant. Mary in answering the angel calls herself a bond slave to the most high God. "I am the Lord's servant," in Greek the word servant is bond salve. In Hebrew Gabriel means: God is mighty. God has used angels to announce to mankind things He is going to do, including to Abraham, Daniel and John in the book of Revelation. Luke chapters 1:1-2:52 & 3:21-38
Background Reading:   Read More »

Mary got a visit from the angel Gabriel, Luke 1:39-40

Mary understands what the angel tells her and was excited because the Angel Gabriel had just told her that she was pregnant with the Messiah. She visited Elizabeth immediately to share her news. In Hebrew Mary means: bitter. Joseph married Mary who gave birth to Jesus. Mary and Joseph were descendants of King David. More Information: Mary like her husband Joseph were both from the tribe of Judah. The couple were considered married, in the time of Jesus, from the day of the betrothal. The family tree of Jesus in Matthew is through the Legal Line and   Read More »

Elizabeth gets a visit from Mary, Luke 1:41-45

Elizabeth was six months pregnant and her baby leaped for joy at the sound of Mary's voice. In Hebrew Elizabeth means God is my Oath. Elizabeth was the wife of Zacharias both were from the tribe of Levi the priestly tribe of Israel.
Background Reading: 41 When Elizabeth heard Mary’s greeting, the baby jumped in her womb. Elizabeth was filled with the Holy Spirit 42 and she loudly exclaimed, “How blessed are you among women, and how blessed is the infant in your womb!   Read More »

Mary sings a song of praise to God, Luke 1:46-56

Mary praised God by singing a song of praise to Him as she and Elizabeth greet each other. The song points out eight of the characteristics of God. Miriam or Mary as we call her in English was a devout Jew living in the town of Nazareth. How Mary and Elizabeth were relatives is unsure as Elizabeth was from the tribe of Levi and Mary was from the tribe of Judah. One of the ways was if a Levite man married a girl from Judah which often happened. Elizabeth may have been the only person that Mary could have trusted to talk to about the birth to come.   Read More »

An angel of the Lord appeared to Joseph in a dream, Matthew 1:18-25

An angel of the Lord appeared to Joseph in a dream. He said; "Take Mary home as your wife." When Joseph woke up he did as the Angel commanded him to do. From this Mary and Joseph ended up in Bethlehem were the birth took place. In Hebrew Joseph means increaser. In the Bible the name Joseph was first mentioned as the eleventh son of Jacob, and the first of Rachel. Joseph was the son with the coat of many colors, and he served God all his life with integrity. Mary's husband Joseph was more than likely named after him.   Read More »

Joseph Goes To Bethlehem, Luke 2:1-4

Joseph took Mary to Bethlehem, because all males had to go to their home towns to be registered. This was required by the Roman census in occupied Israel for taxation purposes. The Romans had a census, or head count, every fourteen years. Joseph in Hebrew means: increaser. arranged marriages.
Background Reading: 2:1 Now in those days an order was published by Caesar Augustus who ruled from 27BC to AD14, that the whole world [i.e. Roman world] should be registered. 2 This was the first registration taken while Quirinius was governor of Syria.   Read More »>

Mary traveled with Joseph on a donkey, Luke 2:5

At the time of Jesus' birth, people traveled by foot or on an animal or in a cart. Nazareth to Bethlehem was a four to six day journey over rough tracks with wild animals and robbers. People usually traveled in groups for their own protection. A donkey or an ass were the normal animals used to carry loads and are still used in many counties today. Horses were only used by the rich or as a war animal. The hand of God is seen every where even here with Him using the Roman Census to get Jesus to be born in Bethlehem. Jesus to be the Messiah and savior of the world had to for fill   Read More »

Jesus a newly born Baby, Luke 2:6-7 and Matthew 1:18-25

The town was full of people because of the Roman census. There may well have been a Jewish feast happening at the same time. One of the few private places available for Jesus' birth was were the animals were housed. After He was born Mary wraps Him in a soft cloth and places Him in the animals' manger which serves as His crib, or cradle. Jesus was born He died on a cross and rose again on the third day and He was the Messiah and Son of God and He will return as a reigning King. Possible dates of the birth of Jesus. Jesus was born in a ....?   Read More »

Shepherds keeping watch, Luke 2:8-12 and 2:15-20

Interaction of the shepherds and the angels. The Shepherds were the first people to see Jesus. The reason why they were there looking after their sheep at night and what the sheep were going to be used for, is an interesting matter for discussion. The shepherds lived in the open looking after their sheep. They all knew their sheep by name, and each animal knew the voice of its shepherd. Flocks were small, approximately ten to twenty sheep. Unless these sheep were Temple sheep and that is a different story. The shepherds found Jesus as a newly-born baby [Greek brephos].   Read More »

Angels praised God for the birth of Jesus, Luke 2:13-14

The Angels sing songs of praises to God for the birth of Jesus One of the angels spoke to the shepherds. Then, many angels started singing songs of praise to God about the birth of Jesus. God often used angels to announce important events and many times were used to protect Israel. The angels got the sheepherders to see Jesus on the night of His birth were as the Magi visited Jesus up to two years later.
Background Reading: 13 Suddenly, a multitude of the Heavenly Army appeared with the angel, praising God by saying,   Read More »

Jesus at 40 days old was taken to the Temple, Luke 2:22-24

Jesus was taken to the Temple in Jerusalem for the Jewish religious ritual of redemption when he was 40 days old. This ritual was an obligatory ceremony for boys according to the law of Moses. Scripture saying a pair of doves or two young pigeons was away of saying Mary and Joseph may not have been wealthy enough to afford a lamb. Also the first born son had to be redeemed as well see Numbers 18:14-16. The redemption price set by God was five sanctuary shekels. Jesus is the sacrificial lamb and the savior to the whole world. At 40 days old Jesus was taken to Jerusalem Why?   Read More »

Simeon blesses Jesus, Luke 2:25-35

Simeon found and had some words for Jesus Simeon, a prophet, was a very old man who was told by God he would see Jesus before he died. Simeon like a lot of Jews were waiting for the arrival of the Messiah. When Simeon saw Jesus he took Jesus in his arms and praised God see the reading below from verses 29-32 and verses 34-35. In Hebrew Simeon means hearing or listening.
Background Reading: 2:25 Now a man named Simeon was in Jerusalem. This man was righteous and devout.   Read More »

Anna the prophetess, Luke 2:36-38

Anna had some words about Jesus life. Anna a very devoted old lady who lives in the Temple, and spends her days in fasting and prayer. Anna like a lot of Jews were waiting for the arrival of the Messiah. She said this baby was the Messiah that every one was waiting for. In Hebrew Anna or Hannah means favor or grace. Anna is one of the Greek and Latin variants of the Hebrew name Hannah or Channah.
Background Reading: 56 Now Anna, a prophetess, was also there. She was a descendant of Phanuel from the tribe of Asher.   Read More »

Magi, traveled from the east to find Jesus, Matthew 2:1-2

The Magi followed the star to find Jesus Magi, often called the wise men, traveled from the east to find Jesus. They arrived some time after his birth. The Magi may have come from the area we now call Iraq. Sometimes called the three kings, but the Bible does not call them that. Neither does the Bible mention the number of these Magi. Tradition has them as three wise men, or kings, and has given them the names of Balthazar, Gaspar, Melchior. Remember, the Bible does not mention either the number of men or their names who followed the star to where they found Jesus in a   Read More »

Herod gets a visit from the Magi, Matthew 2:3-8

Herod the Great is greatly disturbed by Magi's visit. The Magi, or wise men, tell Herod that they have come to worship the baby born to be King. The murderous King Herod, a Roman appointee, is fearful that he is going to be replaced by another King, the Baby Jesus no less. Herod although he ruled Israel he was not a Jew even if one of his wives was. In Greek, Herod means heroic.
Background Reading: 3When King Herod heard this, he was disturbed, as was all of Jerusalem. 4He called together all the high priests and   Read More »

Magi followed the star to a house, Matthew 2:9-10

The Magi, also known as the Wise Men, follow the guiding star and arrive at Jesus' house. He is now nine to eighteen months old. The Magi found a paidion (Greek) a child older than a new born baby but still under 2 years old. We do not know if the star was a natural or a one that God created for the purpose. The Magi are first recorded Gentiles in the Bible to worship Jesus as the son of God here on earth. The Magi may have come from the area we now call Iraq if they did this it was were Daniel had lived.   Read More »

Jesus as a child in the house, Matthew 2:11-12

The Magi found Jesus in His house and gave Him their gifts of gold, incense, and myrrh, He was between nine and eighteen months old. The house that the Magi found Jesus in was most likely in Nazareth of Galilee where Joseph had his workshop, or in Bethlehem or near by, but the Bible does not tell us the location of the house. After the Magi had left Joseph had a dream. The Bible does not say much more about Jesus until He starts His ministry. One of the things the Bible does say that Jesus had a number of half brothers and sisters as Joseph and Mary had more children after the   Read More »

Joseph takes Jesus and Escapes to Egypt, Matthew 2:13-15

The Angel has a message for Joseph - Go to Egypt Herod searches for Jesus to kill him, because he thinks that Jesus could be King instead of him. After the Magi leave, Joseph has dream in which an angel tells him to take Mary and Jesus to Egypt. They leave for Egypt immediately. They do not come back until the angel tells him to.
Background Reading: 13 When they had gone, an angel of the Lord appeared to Joseph in a dream. "Get up," he said, "take the child and his mother and escape to Egypt. Stay there until I tell you, for Herod is going to search for the child to kill him."   Read More »

Herod the Great plans how to kill Jesus, Matthew 2:16-18

Herod the Great is angry because the Magi, or wise men, do not come back to see him. He works out how to kill Jesus who is born to be King of the Jews. He orders the killing of all male children under two years old in a 16km or 10 mile radius of Bethlehem. The Roman Senate had appointed Herod, an Idumean, as king of Palestine in 37BC. He dies during 4BC. Interesting is Rachel the beloved wife of Jacob is buried in Bethlehem one meaning is house of bread. Now read the background reading with this information in mind. In Greek Herod means heroic.   Read More »

The Return from Egypt to Nazareth, Matthew 2:19-23

After King Herod died, an angel of the Lord told Joseph to take Mary and Jesus back home to land of Israel. Jesus was between two and five years old. Joseph found that a very bad ruler was in Judea and told in a dream to go to Nazareth of Galilee. So was fulfilled what was said through the prophets: "Jesus will be called a Nazarene." even though He was born in Bethlehem.
Background Reading: 19 After Herod died, an angel of the Lord appeared in a dream to Joseph in Egypt 20 and said,   Read More »

Jesus about twelve years old, Luke 2:41-52

Other than the simple fact that Jesus lived in Nazareth with His parents, the only biblical record of His life as a youth is a description of one of the family's annual journeys to Jerusalem for the Passover festival. Jesus was about twelve years old when he left the family group to stay behind for a tutorial with the Temple philosophers and scholars, who were amazed by the boy's level of understanding.   Read More »
The Biblical narrative skips approximately twenty years, and recommences with the story of Jesus' Ministry

The Cross still to come see Luke and Matthew

Jesus main purpose was on earth was to open a way for us to the father The main purpose of Jesus' life was for Him to die on the cross, and then to be raised to life from the dead. This resurrection enables us to access God, His Father. In Genesis 3:14-15 God said to Satan he was going to lose and His son Jesus was going to win the war between Satan and God over mankind.   Read More »
Look in Revelation to see who wins. These events are explained during the three and a half years of His Ministry.

Questions and Answers 1-11

1. What did Mary call herself to the Angel? 2. What was the name of the Angel that talked to Mary? 3. What was the name of the Cousin who also was pregnant? 4. Which town was Mary living when she got a visit from the Angel Gabriel? 5. An angel of the Lord appeared to Joseph in a dream and says what to Joseph? 6. Why did Joseph go to Bethlehem? 7. What was the size and population of Jerusalem? 8. The shepherds found Jesus as newly born Baby. Is this correct? 9. Which group of people came and saw the baby Jesus first?   Read More »

Questions and Answers 12-23

12. What was Simeon waiting to see? 13. What did Anna the prophetess proclaim? 14. Does the Bible say how many Magi or wise men traveled from the east to find Jesus? 15. When was Herod made king by the Romans and when did he die? 16. Where did Magi who followed the star to were Jesus lived. Jesus who may by now have been between 9 to 20 months old? 17. What gifts did the Magi give Jesus? 18. What did the Angel say to Joseph in a dream? 19. What does Herod the Great plan to do to Jesus?   Read More »

Timelines – Birth of Jesus

Approximately 7 A4 pages from 10BC-AD700 set up so you can print them.   Read More »
Approximately 7 A4 pages from 10BC-AD700 set up so you can print them.   Read More »
Approximately 7 A4 pages from 10BC-AD700 set up so you can print them.   Read More »
Approximately 7 A4 pages from 10BC-AD700 set up so you can print them.   Read More »

Time Line for Birth of Jesus – The Christmas Story

BACKGROUND NOTES and STUDY MATERIAL PAGE – that was used to organize the above images .
  • The Birth of Jesus - the Christmas story. [Approximately 5 A4 pages of notes.]   Read More »
    BACKGROUND NOTES and STUDY MATERIAL PAGE – that was used to organize the images above.
    The Birth of Jesus - the Christmas story. [Approximately 5 A4 pages of notes.]   Read More »

  • Background Information – Birth of Jesus – The Christmas Story

    GOD’S GREATEST GIFT By Jesma O’Hara - It is no accident that God introduces His greatest gift to us in the Gospel of Matthew through a very Jewish family tree. Matthew gives us his credentials as a son of Abraham, son of Judah, son of David. Jewish theologian Martin Buber wrote, “From my youth onwards, I have found in Jesus my great brother. That Christianity...does regard him as God and Savior has always appeared to me a fact of highest importance which, for his own sake and my own, I must endeavor to understand...   Read More »

    Resources – Birth of Jesus

    Websites: Birth of Jesus - Easter -   Revelation - Life Of Moses.
    Books: Chronological Aspects of the Life of Christ - Harold W. Hoehner - Zondervan 1977 Bibliotheca Sacra Volume 130 and131, Doctoral Dissertation 1964 Revived 1972 Dallas Theological Seminary. He has written other books.
    A Harmony of the Gospels and Analytical out line of the Harmony A T Robertson 1922 renewed 1950 Harper & Row Publishers.   Read More »

    Next Module – Ministry of Jesus

    Next Module - Ministry of Jesus
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    Now to the next the next section The ministry of Jesus.