Jesus teaches Nicodemus, John 3:1-21

Nicodemus goes under the cover of night to visit Jesus.

Jesus says to him “you must be born again from above” e.g. spirit. And also by natural father and mother.

Jesus is now back in Jerusalem for the Jewish Passover Feast early Spring e.g. March-April.

Jesus uses the term Son of Man to Nicodemus to say I am God.

Background Reading:

Jesus Talks with Nicodemus

3:1 Now there was a man from the Pharisees, a leader of the Jews, whose name was Nicodemus. 2 He came to Jesus at night and told him, “Rabbi, we know that you have come from God as a teacher, because no one can perform these signs that you are doing unless God is with him.”

3 Jesus replied to him, “Truly, I tell you emphatically, unless a person is born from above he cannot see the kingdom of God.”

4 Nicodemus asked him, “How can a person be born when he is old? He can’t go back into his mother’s womb a second time and be born, can he?”

5 Jesus answered, “Truly, I tell you emphatically, unless a person is born of water and Spirit he cannot enter the kingdom of God. 6 What is born of the flesh is flesh, and what is born of the Spirit is spirit. 7 Don’t be astonished that I told you, ‘All of you must be born from above.’ 8 The wind blows where it wants to. You hear its sound, but you don’t know where it comes from or where it is going. That’s the way it is with everyone who is born of the Spirit.”

9 Nicodemus asked him, “How can that be?”

10 Jesus answered him, “You’re the teacher of Israel, and you can’t understand this? 11 Truly, I tell you emphatically, we know what we’re talking about, and we testify about what we’ve seen. Yet you people do not accept our testimony. 12 If I have told you people about earthly things and you do not believe, how will you believe if I tell you about heavenly things?

13 “No one has gone up to heaven except the one who came down from heaven, the Son of Man who is in heaven. 14 Just as Moses lifted up the serpent in the wilderness, so must the Son of Man be lifted up, 15 so that everyone who believes in him may have eternal life.

16 “For this is how God loved the world: He gave his unique Son so that everyone who believes in him might not be lost but have eternal life. 17 Because God sent the Son into the world, not to condemn the world, but that the world might be saved through him. 18 Whoever believes in him is not condemned, but whoever does not believe has already been condemned, because he has not believed in the name of God’s unique Son. 19 And this is the basis for judgment: The light has come into the world, but people loved the darkness more than the light because their actions were evil. 20 Everyone who practices wickedness hates the light and does not come to the light, so that his actions may not be exposed. 21 But whoever does what is true comes to the light, so that it may become evident that his actions have God’s approval.”
John 3:1–21


Other modules in this unit: