This was Jesus’ first miracle when He turned water into wine. The Master of Ceremony commented to his host “You have kept the best wine to the last”.
Notice the interreactions between Jesus and His mother, Mary, in the reading below.
According to John, this was Jesus’ first miracle. There were many more to follow including His resurrection from the dead.
This happened in the small town of Cana in Galilee.
Jesus Changes Water to Wine
2:1 On the third day of that week there was a wedding in Cana of Galilee. Jesus’ mother was there, 2 and Jesus and his disciples had also been invited to the wedding. 3 When the wine ran out, Jesus’ mother told him, “They don’t have any more wine.”
4 “How does that concern us, dear lady?” Jesus asked her. “My time hasn’t come yet.”
5 His mother told the servants, “Do whatever he tells you.”
6 Now standing there were six stone water jars used for the Jewish rites of purification, each one holding from two to three measures. 7 Jesus told the servants, “Fill the jars with water.” So they filled them up to the brim. 8 Then he told them, “Now draw some out and take it to the man in charge of the banquet.” So they did.
9 When the man in charge of the banquet tasted the water that had become wine (without knowing where it had come from, though the servants who had drawn the water knew), he called for the bridegroom 10 and told him, “Everyone serves the best wine first, and the cheap kind when people are drunk. But you have kept the best wine until now!” 11 Jesus did this, the first of his signs, in Cana of Galilee. He revealed his glory, and his disciples believed in him.
12 After this, Jesus went down to Capernaum—he, his mother, his brothers, and his disciples—and they remained there for a few days.
In Jesus’ time Cana in Galilee, Kanah in the Galil, was a small town on the way from the hills of Nazareth of Galilee, where Jesus was born, to the below sea level lakeside town of Capernaum, K’far-Nachum, where Jesus made His Galilee base.
Today the Arab village of Kafr Cana in the Lower Galilee is identified in Christian tradition as Cana of the Galilee.
Nazareth of Galilee was located on a hill in the Plain of Esdraelon. It was about 365 m (1200 ft) above sea level. From its heights, one could see mountains in three directions. Cana in Galilee is about 343 meters above sea level.
Capernaum or Kefar Nachum, Hebrew meaning: Nahum’s village, is a town near the water’s edge at the north end of the Lake or Sea of Galilee at 209 meters or 700 feet below sea level.
The Sea of Galilee itself (also known as Lake Tiberius or Lake Kinneret) is only about 214 meters (702 feet) below sea level.
At 400 meters (1,300 feet) below sea level, the Dead Sea or Salt Sea, where the Jordan River terminates, is the lowest lake on earth.
Other modules in this unit:
- Jesus starts His Ministry
- John the Baptist Prepares the Way for Jesus, Luke 3:1-20
- Sandal, John the Baptist, Luke 3:15-18
- Satan, The Temptation of Jesus, Luke 4:1-13
- The Calling of the First Disciples, John 1:35-51
- Water Jar, Jesus Changes Water Into Wine John 2:1-11
- Jesus teaches Nicodemus, John 3:1-21
- Jesus Talks with a Samaritan Woman at the Well, John 4:1-42
- Jesus calls for disciples a second time, Luke 5:1-11
- Man on a sleeping mat, Luke 5:17-26
- The Healing of two Blind Men in a house, Matthew 9:27-31
- Jesus chooses His Twelve Apostles, Luke 6:12-16
- The Sermon in a level place, Luke 6:17-49
- Roman Centurion a leader of soldiers, Luke 7:1-10
- Jesus anointed by a sinful Woman, Luke 7:36-50
- Farmer sows seeds, Luke 8:4-15
- A Lamp on a stand, Luke 8:16-18
- Jesus calms the Storm, Luke 8:22-25
- Jesus sends out the Twelve, Luke 9:1-6
- John the Baptist beheaded by Herod the Tetrarch, Matthew 14:1-12
- Jesus feeds five thousand, Luke 9:10-17
- Jesus Walks On Water, Mark 6:45-56
- Jesus feeds 4000 men besides women and children, Matthew 15:29-39
- Jesus in a boat, Matthew 15:39 or Mark 8:10
- Blind Man at Bethsaida, Mark 8:22-26
- Key to the Kingdom, Peter’s confession of Christ, Matthew 16:13-20
- The Transfiguration, Luke 9:28-36
- Jesus sends out seventy or seventy two disciples, Luke 10:1-24
- Light, Jesus is the Light of the world, John 8:12
- Jesus heals a man born blind, John 9:1-41
- Jesus looks out for the lost sheep, John 10:1-21
- Jesus uses Jonah as a sign, Luke 11:29-32
- God is the Light, Luke 11:33-36
- Keys, Luke 11:37-52
- The Parable of the Rich Fool, Luke 12:13-21
- Be ready to serve Jesus day and night, Luke 12:35-40
- The Parable of the Lost Sheep, Luke 15:1-7
- Lazarus raised from the dead, John 11:1-45
- The Plot to Kill Jesus, John 11:45-57
- The Parable of the Unmerciful Servant, Matthew 18:21-35
- A Blind Beggar receives his sight, Luke 18:35-43
- Zacchaeus the tax collector, Luke 19:1-10
- Questions 1-14
- Ministry of Jesus Timeline
- Next Module – Easter, Triumphal Entry to Pentecost » »