Matthew 28:1. Jesus stayed in the tomb three days and three nights.
Then Jesus rose from the dead, as He said He would.
Passover, which included Unleavened Bread and Firstfruits, was one of three sets of festivals that God ordained for the Israelites to keep yearly. The others were Feast of Weeks or Shavuot, or Pentecost, and the set around Feast of Trumpets and Day of Atonement.
Jesus had said that, like Jonah, the Son of Man would be three days and three nights in the earth.
However you want to treat “three days and three nights”, the real issue is that Jesus died and rose again and lives on at the right hand of God to intercede for us.
3 Days and 3 Nights
28:1 After the Sabbaths [Passover Sabbath and the weekly Sabbath], around dawn on the first day of the week, Mary Magdalene and the other Mary went to take a look at the burial site.
This translation has like the Greek the word Sabbath in the plural Sabbaths. The Greek text clearly says, “After the Sabbaths were passed,” Sabbaths being plural. Why is that significant?
Was the Passover Sabbaths namely Unleavened Bread and Firstfruits and the weekly Sabbath two different days? If it was which day was the Passover Sabbath on? Maybe as we believe a Wednesday. If so you can get the needed Three days and Three nights in the Tomb for Jesus. Also, leaves us with which year? Our best try is AD32.
Jesus was in the tomb three days and three nights.
Hebrew day starts at dusk or sunset, so the Hebrew day overlap two Roman days.
Saturday [Friday sunset-Saturday sunset] was the triumphal entry: April 6th and 10 Nisan (at dusk)
Sunday [Saturday sunset-Sunday sunset] the fig tree was cursed: April 7th and 11 Nisan (at dusk)
Monday [Sunday sunset-Monday sunset] the conspirators counseled: April 8th and 12 Nisan (at dusk)
Tuesday [Monday sunset-Tuesday sunset] was the Jesus’ Last Passover: April 9th and 13 Nisan (at dusk)
Wednesday [Tuesday sunset-Wednesday sunset] was the Crucifixion: April 10th and 14 Nisan (at dusk)
Thursday [Wednesday sunset-Thursday sunset] was the Feast of Unleavened Bread: April 11th and 15 Nisan (at dusk)
Friday [Thursday sunset-Friday sunset] the women prepared the spices and so forth: April 12th and 16 Nisan (at dusk)
Saturday [Friday sunset-Saturday sunset] they all rested: April 13th and 17 Nisan (at dusk)
Sunday[Saturday sunset-Sunday sunset] morning the women went to the tomb: April 14th and still 17 Nisan (At dusk or sunset, it became 18 Nisan-Sunday sunset-Monday sunset)
Firstfruits – 18 Nisan
Read: Matthew 28:1 Sabbath here in Greek is Sabbaths.
Also, read John 19:31 “and the next day was to be a special Sabbath.”
There are the normal weekly Sabbaths and also a small number of Special Sabbaths and “The Feast of Unleavened Bread” is one of these special Sabbaths.
The word Sabbath in Hebrew means: rest.
Passover was celebrated at the full moon.
Other modules in this unit:
- Zacchaeus, the tax collector, waited for Jesus up a tree
- Blind Bartimaeus eyes healed, Mark 10:46-52
- Mary – First of two anointings by two different women
- The Triumphal Entry
- Palm tree leaves and cloaks
- Jesus taught in parables – The Lamps of the Ten Bridesmaids
- Jesus predicts His crucifixion
- Jesus anointed at Bethany by an unknown woman
- Sandal, Jesus Washes His Disciples’ Feet
- Judas Agrees to Betray Jesus
- The upper room discourse, Jesus comforts His Disciples
- Jesus spoke three prayers of intercession: one for Himself; one for his disciples; and one for all believers
- Jesus prays for Himself
- Soldiers came at night to arrest Jesus
- Peter cuts off an ear
- Jesus Arrested
- Jesus was on trial six times
- First trial – Annas the Father-in-law of Caiaphas the High Priest
- 2nd Trial – Jesus arrested and taken to the High Priest Caiaphas
- Friday?: day of Jesus’ death?
- The Cock Crow – Peter Disowned Jesus
- Third Trial of Jesus before The Sanhedrin
- 4th Trial – Jesus before Pontius Pilate for the first time
- 5th Trial, Jesus before Herod Antipas the Governor of Galilee and Perea
- 6th trial – Jesus in front of Pontius Pilate for the second time
- Jesus, the Crucifixion walk
- The Cross or the Crucifixion
- Thick Darkness
- The Roman Centurion
- Jesus is Buried
- Roman Soldiers guard the Tomb
- They made sure by sealing the tomb
- The Feast of Unleavened Bread
- Jesus stays in the tomb three days and three nights
- The Feast of Firstfruits
- Firstfuits or Resurrection Sunday
- The open empty tomb or the Resurrection
- He is not Here, He has risen – The Resurrection
- Jesus Has Risen Indeed – The Resurrection
- Come See Where He Lay
- Peter Looks – He has Risen Indeed
- On the Road to Emmaus
- The end of the first week
- Jesus makes a special appearance for Thomas
- The First Sunday or 7 days after the Firstfuits or Resurrection of Jesus
- Jesus and the Miraculous Catch of Fish
- The end of the second week
- The Second Sunday after Firstfuits or Resurrection Sunday
- The end of the third week
- The Third Sunday after Firstfuits or Resurrection Sunday
- The end of the fourth week
- The Fourth Sunday after Firstfuits or Resurrection Sunday
- The end of the 5th week
- The Fifth Sunday or 35 days after feast of Firstfuits or the resurrection of Jesus
- Ascension Day – Back to Heaven for Jesus
- Jesus was seen by over 500 people
- The end of the 6th week
- The Sixth Sunday or 42 days from Firstfuits or Resurrection Sunday
- The end of the 7th week
- Pentecost Fire
- Questions and Answers 1-15
- Questions and Answers 16-30
- Questions and Answers 31-45
- Questions and Answers 46-61
- Background Information – Easter
- Resources: Easter or Palm Sunday To Pentecost
- Next Module – Acts of the Apostles » »