Jesus dies on the cross. Jesus was nailed to the cross and left to die.
Jesus’ death on a cross was not a tragedy but an achievement. Can you think of the reasons why?
We get the word “crucifixion” from the Latin word “crucifigere.
The Romans used this form of capital punishment on a regular basis.
Persians invented the Crucifixion system as a form of death, but it was the Romans that perfected it as a form of torture and capital punishment that was designed to produce a slow death with maximum pain and suffering.
The literal translation in Greek of “it is finished” is “Paid in full.” See John 19:30.
Jesus is Crucified – The Crucifixion
23:26 As they led Jesus away, they grabbed Simon, a man from Cyrene, as he was coming in from the country, and they put the cross on him and made him carry it behind Jesus. 27 A large crowd of people followed him, including some women who kept mourning and wailing for him.
28 But Jesus turned to them and said, “Women of Jerusalem, stop crying for me. Instead, cry for yourselves and for your children, 29 because the time is surely coming when people will say, ‘How blessed are the women who couldn’t bear children and the wombs that never bore and the breasts that never nursed!’ 30 Then people will begin to say to the mountains, ‘Fall on us!’, and to the hills, ‘Cover us up!’ 31 And if they do this when the wood is green, what will happen when it is dry?”
32 Two others, who were criminals, were also led away to be executed with Jesus. 33 When they reached the place called The Skull, they crucified him there with the criminals, one on his right and one on his left. 34 Jesus kept saying, “Father, forgive them, because they don’t know what they’re doing.” Then they divided his clothes among them by throwing dice.
35 Meanwhile, the people stood looking on. The leaders were mocking him by saying, “He saved others. Let him save himself, if he is the Messiah of God, the chosen one!”
36 The soldiers also made fun of Jesus by coming up and offering him sour wine, 37 saying, “If you are the king of the Jews, save yourself!” 38 There was also an inscription over him written in Greek, Latin, and Hebrew: “The King of the Jews.”
39 Now one of the criminals hanging there kept insulting him, “You are the Messiah, aren’t you? Save yourself…and us!”
40 But the other criminal rebuked him, “Aren’t you afraid of God, since you are suffering the same penalty? 41 We have been condemned justly, because we are getting what we deserve for what we have done, but this man has done nothing wrong.” 42 Then he went on to plead, “Jesus, remember me when you come into your kingdom!”
43 Jesus told him, “I tell you with certainty, today you will be with me in Paradise.”
Jesus Dies on the Cross
44 It was already about noon, and the whole land became dark until three in the afternoon 45 because the sun had stopped shining, and the curtain in the sanctuary was torn in two. 46 Then Jesus cried out with a loud voice and said, “Father, into your hands I entrust my spirit.” After he said this, he breathed his last.
47 When the centurion saw what had taken place, he praised God and said, “This man certainly was righteous!” 48 When all the crowds who had come together for this spectacle saw what had taken place, they beat their chests and left. 49 But all his acquaintances, including the women who had followed him from Galilee, were standing at a distance watching these things.
Also read: Matthew 27:32-56, Mark 15:24-33, John 19:17-30
Other modules in this unit:
- Zacchaeus, the tax collector, waited for Jesus up a tree, Luke 19:1-10
- Mary – First of two anointings by two different women, John 12:1-11
- The Triumphal Entry, Luke 19:28-44
- Palm tree leaves and cloaks, John 12:12-19
- Jesus taught in parables – The Lamps of the Ten Bridesmaids. Matthew 25:1-13
- Jesus predicts His crucifixion, Luke 22:1-6
- Jesus anointed at Bethany by an unknown woman, Mark 14:3-9
- Sandal, Jesus Washes His Disciples’ Feet, John 13:1-20
- Judas Agrees to Betray Jesus, Luke 22:1-6
- The upper room discourse, Jesus comforts His Disciples, John 14:1-31
- Jesus spoke three prayers of intercession: one for Himself; one for his disciples; and one for all believers, John 17:1-26
- Jesus prays for Himself, Luke 22:39-46
- Soldiers came at night to arrest Jesus, Luke 22:47-48
- Peter cuts off an ear, Luke 22:49-51
- Jesus Arrested, Luke 22:52-53
- Jesus was on trial six times
- First trial – Annas the Father-in-law of Caiaphas the High Priest, John 18:12-14
- 2nd Trial – Jesus arrested and taken to the High Priest Caiaphas, Luke 22:54-65
- Friday?: day of Jesus’ death?
- The Cock Crow – Peter Disowned Jesus, Luke 22:54-62
- Third Trial of Jesus before The Sanhedrin, Luke 22:66-71
- 4th Trial – Jesus before Pontius Pilate for the first time – Luke 23:1-7
- 5th Trial, Jesus before Herod Antipas the Governor of Galilee and Perea, Luke 23:8-12
- 6th trial – Jesus in front of Pontius Pilate for the second time, Luke 23:13-25
- Jesus, the Crucifixion walk, Luke 23:26-46
- The Cross or the Crucifixion, Luke 23:26-49
- Darkness, Luke 23:44-46
- The Roman Centurion, Luke 23:47-49
- Jesus is Buried, Luke 23:50-56
- Roman Soldiers guard the Tomb, Matthew 27:62-66
- They made sure by sealing the tomb, Matthew 27:62-66
- Passover, Numbers 28:16-31
- Feast Unleavened Bread
- Firstfruits, Leviticus 23:9-14
- Jesus stays in the tomb three days and three nights, Matthew 28:1
- Firstfuits or Resurrection Sunday, Luke 24:1-12
- The open empty tomb or the Resurrection, Luke 24:1-8
- He is not Here, He has risen – The Resurrection, Luke 24:5-8
- Jesus Has Risen Indeed – The Resurrection, Luke 24:1-12
- Come See Where He Lay, Matthew 28:1-10
- Peter Looks – He has Risen Indeed, Luke 24:12
- On the Road to Emmaus, Luke 24:13-35
- The end of the first week
- Jesus makes a special appearance for Thomas, John 20:24-31
- The First Sunday or 7 days after the Firstfuits or Resurrection of Jesus, Numbers 28:16-31
- Jesus and the Miraculous Catch of Fish, John 21:1-25
- The end of the second week
- The Second Sunday after Firstfuits or Resurrection Sunday, John 20:24-29
- The end of the third week
- The Third Sunday after Firstfuits or Resurrection Sunday
- The end of the fourth week
- The Fourth Sunday after Firstfuits or Resurrection Sunday
- The end of the 5th week
- The Fifth Sunday or 35 days after feast of Firstfuits or the resurrection of Jesus
- Ascension Day-Back to Heaven for Jesus, Luke 24:50-53
- Jesus was seen by over 500 people, 1 Corinthians 15:1-11
- The end of the 6th week
- The Sixth Sunday or 42 days from Firstfuits or Resurrection Sunday, Numbers 28:16-31
- The end of the 7th week
- Pentecost Fire, Acts 2:1-13
- Background Information – Easter
- Resources: Easter or Palm Sunday To Pentecost
- Next Module – Acts of the Apostles » »