Luke 19:28-44. This is the day on which Jesus, as the Messiah, made His triumphal entry into Jerusalem. He rode a young donkey in preparation for His crucifixion, which took place five days later on the 14 of Nisan.
Disciples laid palm leaves for Jesus to ride over and also waved them to declare him as King.
In the modern Christian calendar, we call this day Palm Sunday, which celebrates this Triumphal Entry. In the Jewish calendar it is on the 10th of Nisan, no matter which day or year in the Gregorian calendar we try to make The Triumphal Entry.
Jesus fulfills another prophecy from the Old Testament, out over ten prophecies that He fulfilled that week.
Jesus also fulfilled over 300 specifications of His coming, death and resurrection.
The Triumphal Entry – The King Enters Jerusalem
19:28 After Jesus had said this, he traveled on and went up to Jerusalem. 29 As he approached Bethphage and Bethany at the Mount of Olives, he sent two of his disciples on ahead. 30 “Go into the village ahead of you,” he said. “As you enter, you will find a colt tied up that no one has ever ridden. Untie it and bring it along. 31 If anyone asks you why you are untying it, say this: ‘The Lord needs it.’”
32 So those who were sent went off and found it as Jesus had told them. 33 While they were untying the colt, its owners asked them, “Why are you untying the colt?”
34 The disciples answered, “The Lord needs it.” 35 Then they brought the colt to Jesus and put their coats on it, and Jesus sat upon it.
36 As he was riding along, people kept spreading their coats on the road. 37 He was now approaching the descent from the Mount of Olives. The whole crowd of disciples began to rejoice and to praise God with a loud voice because of all the miracles they had seen. 38 They said,
“How blessed is the king
who comes in the name of the Lord!
Peace in heaven,
and glory in the highest heaven!”
39 Some of the Pharisees in the crowd told Jesus, “Teacher, tell your disciples to be quiet.”
40 He replied, “I tell you, if they were quiet, the stones would cry out!”
41 When he came closer and saw the city, he began to grieve over it: 42 “If you had only known today what could have brought you peace! But now it is hidden from your sight, 43 because the days will come when your enemies will build walls around you, surround you, and close you in on every side. 44 They will level you to the ground—you and those who live within your city limits. They will not leave one stone on another within your walls, because you didn’t recognize the time when you were visited.”
Further reading:— Matthew 21:1-11, Mark 11:1-11, John 12:12-19, Psalm 118, Zechariah 9:9
Jerusalem, which hosted over a million pilgrims annually for three God given religious festivals, was approximately 2.6 square kilometers, or a square mile in area. The permanent population was approximately two hundred thousand inhabitants.
From AD6 onwards, Jerusalem was governed by a number of Roman procurators: Coponius AD6—AD9; Marcus Ambivulus AD9—AD12; Annius Rufus AD12—AD15; Valerius Gratus AD15—AD26; Pontius Pilate AD26—AD36; Marcus Antonius Felix AD52—AD59 and Porcius Festus AD59—AD62.
On 14 March 445BC Artaxerxes (Artazerxes) Longimanns made a decree that the Temple in Jerusalem could be rebuilt and 173,880 days later Meshiach Nagid or the Messiah rode in on a donkey’s colt, 6 April AD32 see Ezra 7:13—28.
We do not know either the name or breed of Jesus’ donkey, simply that it was the colt of an ass.
38 years later in AD70, Titus Flavius Vespasianus, the son of the then present Roman Emperor (Titus Flavius Vespasianus) known as Vespasian, took Jerusalem after 9 months siege and killed about one million inhabitants, fulfilling prophecies in both the Old and New Testaments.
Other modules in this unit:
- Zacchaeus, the tax collector, waited for Jesus up a tree
- Blind Bartimaeus eyes healed, Mark 10:46-52
- Mary – First of two anointings by two different women
- The Triumphal Entry
- Palm tree leaves and cloaks
- Jesus taught in parables – The Lamps of the Ten Bridesmaids
- Jesus predicts His crucifixion
- Jesus anointed at Bethany by an unknown woman
- Sandal, Jesus Washes His Disciples’ Feet
- Judas Agrees to Betray Jesus
- The upper room discourse, Jesus comforts His Disciples
- Jesus spoke three prayers of intercession: one for Himself; one for his disciples; and one for all believers
- Jesus prays for Himself
- Soldiers came at night to arrest Jesus
- Peter cuts off an ear
- Jesus Arrested
- Jesus was on trial six times
- First trial – Annas the Father-in-law of Caiaphas the High Priest
- 2nd Trial – Jesus arrested and taken to the High Priest Caiaphas
- Friday?: day of Jesus’ death?
- The Cock Crow – Peter Disowned Jesus
- Third Trial of Jesus before The Sanhedrin
- 4th Trial – Jesus before Pontius Pilate for the first time
- 5th Trial, Jesus before Herod Antipas the Governor of Galilee and Perea
- 6th trial – Jesus in front of Pontius Pilate for the second time
- Jesus, the Crucifixion walk
- The Cross or the Crucifixion
- Thick Darkness
- The Roman Centurion
- Jesus is Buried
- Roman Soldiers guard the Tomb
- They made sure by sealing the tomb
- The Feast of Unleavened Bread
- Jesus stays in the tomb three days and three nights
- The Feast of Firstfruits
- Firstfuits or Resurrection Sunday
- The open empty tomb or the Resurrection
- He is not Here, He has risen – The Resurrection
- Jesus Has Risen Indeed – The Resurrection
- Come See Where He Lay
- Peter Looks – He has Risen Indeed
- On the Road to Emmaus
- The end of the first week
- Jesus makes a special appearance for Thomas
- The First Sunday or 7 days after the Firstfuits or Resurrection of Jesus
- Jesus and the Miraculous Catch of Fish
- The end of the second week
- The Second Sunday after Firstfuits or Resurrection Sunday
- The end of the third week
- The Third Sunday after Firstfuits or Resurrection Sunday
- The end of the fourth week
- The Fourth Sunday after Firstfuits or Resurrection Sunday
- The end of the 5th week
- The Fifth Sunday or 35 days after feast of Firstfuits or the resurrection of Jesus
- Ascension Day – Back to Heaven for Jesus
- Jesus was seen by over 500 people
- The end of the 6th week
- The Sixth Sunday or 42 days from Firstfuits or Resurrection Sunday
- The end of the 7th week
- Pentecost Fire
- Questions and Answers 1-15
- Questions and Answers 16-30
- Questions and Answers 31-45
- Questions and Answers 46-61
- Background Information – Easter
- Resources: Easter or Palm Sunday To Pentecost
- Next Module – Acts of the Apostles » »