Passover is 14th of Nisan, which is celebrated on a full moon. Which in our calendar if we use AD32 and would be a Wednesday or Thursday or if AD33 a Friday. Whichever day Jesus rose on the first day of the week which started at Saturday Sunset. Last 6 hours of Saturday night and Sunday till sunset, our calendar. Actually after the weekly Sabbath that finished at Sundown Saturday night. So He was three days and three nights in the tomb or grave.

The Image depicts: A Lamb, Two candles that the woman of the house lights, The Unleavened bread, and The four cups of wine: 1. The Cup of Sanctification. 2. The Cup of Plagues. 3. The Cup of Redemption. 4. The cup that Jesus did not drink from is called The Cup of Praise.

Background reading

Preparing the Passover

(Matthew 26:17–19; Mark 14:12–16)
22:7 Then came the day of Unleavened Bread on which the Passover lamb was to be sacrificed. 8 Jesus sent Peter and John, saying, “Go and prepare for us to eat the Passover.”
9 “Where do You want us to prepare it?” they asked.
10 He answered, “When you enter the city, a man carrying a jug of water will meet you. Follow him to the house he enters, 11 and say to the owner of that house, ‘The Teacher asks: Where is the guest room, where I may eat the Passover with My disciples?’ 12 And he will show you a large upper room, already furnished. Make preparations there.”
13 So they went and found it just as Jesus had told them. And they prepared the Passover.

Jesus’ last Passover meal
(Matthew 26:20–30; Mark 14:17–26; 1 Corinthians 11:17–34)
14 When the hour had come, Jesus reclined at the table with His apostles. 15 And He said to them, “I have eagerly desired to eat this Passover with you before My suffering. 16 For I tell you that I will not eat it again until it is fulfilled in the kingdom of God.”
17 After taking the cup, He gave thanks and said, “Take this and divide it among yourselves. 18 For I tell you that I will not drink of the fruit of the vine from now on until the kingdom of God comes.”
19 And He took the bread, gave thanks and broke it, and gave it to them, saying, “This is My body, given for you; do this in remembrance of Me.”
20 In the same way, after supper He took the cup, saying, “This cup is the new covenant in My blood, which is poured out for you.
21 Look! The hand of My betrayer is with Mine on the table. 22 Indeed, the Son of Man will go as it has been determined, but woe to that man who betrays Him.”
23 Then they began to question among themselves which of them was going to do this.

Who Is the Greatest?
24 A dispute also arose among the disciples as to which of them would be considered the greatest. 25 So Jesus declared, “The kings of the Gentiles lord it over them, and those in authority over them call themselves benefactors. 26 But you shall not be like them. Instead, the greatest among you should be like the youngest, and the one who leads like the one who serves. 27 For who is greater, the one who reclines at the table or the one who serves? Is it not the one who reclines? But I am among you as one who serves.
28 You are the ones who have stood by Me in My trials. 29 And I bestow on you a kingdom, just as My Father has bestowed one on Me, 30 so that you may eat and drink at My table in My kingdom, and sit on thrones, judging the twelve tribes of Israel.

Jesus Predicts Peter’s Denial
(Matthew 26:31–35; Mark 14:27–31; John 13:36–38)
31 Simon, Simon, Satan has asked to sift each of you like wheat. 32 But I have prayed for you, Simon, that your faith will not fail. And when you have turned back, strengthen your brothers.”
33 “Lord,” said Peter, “I am ready to go with You even to prison and to death.”
34 But Jesus replied, “I tell you, Peter, the rooster will not crow today until you have denied three times that you know Me.”
35 Then Jesus asked them, “When I sent you out without purse or bag or sandals, did you lack anything?”
“Nothing,” they answered.
36 “Now, however,” He told them, “the one with a purse should take it, and likewise a bag; and the one without a sword should sell his cloak and buy one. 37 For I tell you that this Scripture must be fulfilled in Me: ‘And He was numbered with the transgressors.’ For what is written about Me is reaching its fulfillment.”
38 So they said, “Look, Lord, here are two swords.”
“That is enough,” He answered.
Luke 22:7-38
Read also: Matthew 26:17-30, Mark 14:22-26 and John 13:1-17:36


16 “The LORD’s Passover is to take place on the fourteenth day of the first month. 17 You are to hold a festival on the fifteenth day of this month for seven days, during which time unleavened bread is to be eaten.”

A Week of Post-Passover Offerings

23:18 “On the first day, you are to hold a sacred assembly. No servile work is to be done. 19 Bring an offering that is to be incinerated in the LORD’s presence, consisting of two young bulls, a ram, and seven one year old lambs, all without any defects, 20 along with their grain offering of fine flour mixed with olive oil. Offer three tenths of an ephah for each bull, two tenths of an ephah for the ram, 21 and one tenth of an ephah for each of the seven lambs. 22 Then present one goat for a sin offering to make atonement for you, 23 apart from the burnt offering in the morning, which you are to continue offering. 24 Do this every day for seven days, as an edible sacrifice to the LORD made by fire, a pleasing aroma. It is to be offered apart from the regular burnt offering and its corresponding drink offering. 25 On the seventh day you are to hold another sacred assembly for your benefit, on which no servile work is to be done.”

First Fruit Offerings

26 “On the first day of your harvest season, you are to hold a sacred assembly when you present your first fruits during the Festival of Weeks. No servile work is to be done. 27 You are to offer this burnt offering as a pleasing aroma to the LORD: two young bulls, one ram, and seven one year old lambs, 28 along with their corresponding grain offerings of fine flour mixed with olive oil; specifically, three tenths of an ephah for each bull, two tenths of an ephah for the one ram, 29 one tenth of an ephah for each of the seven lambs, 30 and one goat to make atonement for you. 31 Offer them in addition to the regular burnt offering, accompanied by its grain offering and its corresponding drink offerings.”
Numbers 28:16-31
Also read: Exodus 12:1-30, Leviticus 23:4-14, Numbers 9:1-14 and Luke 22:7-38.

Passover Seder Dinner – With Notes

Passover Seder with out extra notes

Notes – Passover Seder – Communion

Other slides in this module: